Report Title:

Reciprocal beneficiaries; taxation

 

Description:

Allows taxpayers who are reciprocal beneficiaries or domestic partners to elect to file as separate individuals, as married, or married filing singly. Excludes from gross income, adjusted gross income, and taxable income the value of health insurance and other direct or indirect benefits provided by an employer to reciprocal beneficiaries or domestic partners. Allows exemptions to be claimed for reciprocal beneficiaries or domestic partners.

 


HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

H.B. NO.

2456

TWENTY-FOURTH LEGISLATURE, 2008

 

STATE OF HAWAII

 

 

 

 

 

 

A BILL FOR AN ACT


 

 

relating to taxation.

 

 

BE IT ENACTED BY THE LEGISLATURE OF THE STATE OF HAWAII:

 


SECTION 1. Chapter 235, Hawaii Revised Statutes, is amended by adding a new section to be appropriately designated and to read as follows:

"235- Filing status; reciprocal beneficiaries. (a) Taxpayers who are reciprocal beneficiaries may file a single return jointly of taxes under this chapter for the taxable year; may file a separate return for a taxable year for which a joint return could be made; or may file a return as an individual. In the case of the filing of a single return jointly of taxes under this chapter for the taxable year, the tax shall be computed on the aggregate income as provided in section 235-52, and the liability with respect to the tax shall be joint and several.

(b) If an individual has filed a separate return for a taxable year for which a joint return could have been made by the taxpayer and the taxpayer's reciprocal beneficiary, an election thereafter to make a joint return for the taxable year shall be made only upon compliance with rules of the department, which may limit the election and prescribe the terms and provisions applicable in such cases as nearly as may be in conformity with the Internal Revenue Code.

(c) The filing of a joint return after the individual has filed a separate return without full payment of the amount shown as tax on the joint return may be elected; provided all other requirements for the filing of a joint return under this section and the rules of the department are complied with.

(d) For purposes of this section:

"Aggregate income" means the income of both spouses without regard to source in the state.

SECTION 2. Section 235-7, Hawaii Revised Statutes, is amended by amending subsection (a) to read as follows:

"(a) There shall be excluded from gross income, adjusted gross income, and taxable income:

(1) Income not subject to taxation by the State under the Constitution and laws of the United States;

(2) Rights, benefits, and other income exempted from taxation by section 88-91, having to do with the state retirement system, and the rights, benefits, and other income, comparable to the rights, benefits, and other income exempted by section 88-91, under any other public retirement system;

(3) Any compensation received in the form of a pension for past services;

(4) Compensation paid to a patient affected with Hansen's disease employed by the State or the United States in any hospital, settlement, or place for the treatment of Hansen's disease;

(5) Except as otherwise expressly provided, payments made by the United States or this State, under an act of Congress or a law of this State, which by express provision or administrative regulation or interpretation are exempt from both the normal and surtaxes of the United States, even though not so exempted by the Internal Revenue Code itself;

(6) Any income expressly exempted or excluded from the measure of the tax imposed by this chapter by any other law of the State, it being the intent of this chapter not to repeal or supersede any express exemption or exclusion;

(7) Income received by each member of the reserve components of the Army, Navy, Air Force, Marine Corps, or Coast Guard of the United States of America, and the Hawaii national guard as compensation for performance of duty, equivalent to pay received for forty-eight drills (equivalent of twelve weekends) and fifteen days of annual duty, at an:

(A) E-1 pay grade after eight years of service; provided that this subparagraph shall apply to taxable years beginning after December 31, 2004;

(B) E-2 pay grade after eight years of service; provided that this subparagraph shall apply to taxable years beginning after December 31, 2005;

(C) E-3 pay grade after eight years of service; provided that this subparagraph shall apply to taxable years beginning after December 31, 2006;

(D) E-4 pay grade after eight years of service; provided that this subparagraph shall apply to taxable years beginning after December 31, 2007; and

(E) E-5 pay grade after eight years of service; provided that this subparagraph shall apply to taxable years beginning after December 31, 2008;

(8) Income derived from the operation of ships or aircraft if the income is exempt under the Internal Revenue Code pursuant to the provisions of an income tax treaty or agreement entered into by and between the United States and a foreign country; provided that the tax laws of the local governments of that country reciprocally exempt from the application of all of their net income taxes, the income derived from the operation of ships or aircraft that are documented or registered under the laws of the United States;

(9) The value of legal services provided by a prepaid legal service plan to a taxpayer, the taxpayer's spouse, and the taxpayer's dependents;

(10) Amounts paid, directly or indirectly, by a prepaid legal service plan to a taxpayer as payment or reimbursement for the provision of legal services to the taxpayer, the taxpayer's spouse, and the taxpayer's dependents;

(11) Contributions by an employer to a prepaid legal service plan for compensation (through insurance or otherwise) to the employer's employees for the costs of legal services incurred by the employer's employees, their spouses, and their dependents;

(12) Amounts received in the form of a monthly surcharge by a utility acting on behalf of an affected utility under section 269-16.3 shall not be gross income, adjusted gross income, or taxable income for the acting utility under this chapter. Any amounts retained by the acting utility for collection or other costs shall not be included in this exemption; [and]

(13) One hundred per cent of the gain realized by a fee simple owner from the sale of a leased fee interest in units within a condominium project, cooperative project, or planned unit development to the association of apartment owners or the residential cooperative corporation of the leasehold units.

For purposes of this paragraph:

"Fee simple owner" shall have the same meaning as provided under section 516-1; provided that it shall include legal and equitable owners;

"Legal and equitable owner", and "leased fee interest" shall have the same meanings as provided under section 516-1; and

"Condominium project" and "cooperative project" shall have the same meanings as provided under section 514C-1[.]; and

(14) The value of health insurance and other direct or indirect benefits provided by an employer to an employee in excess of what the employer provides to single employees or would provide to single employees if any, when such benefits are provided to the employee due to his or her being married or being a reciprocal beneficiary. For the purposes of this paragraph "single employee" means an employee whom the employer compensates directly and indirectly and who is not married and has no reciprocal beneficiary."

SECTION 3. Section 235-54, Hawaii Revised Statutes, is amended by amending subsection (a) to read as follows:

"(a) In computing the taxable income of any individual, there shall be deducted, in lieu of the personal exemptions allowed by the Internal Revenue Code, personal exemptions computed as follows: Ascertain the number of exemptions which the individual can lawfully claim under the Internal Revenue Code, add an additional exemption for the taxpayer or, the taxpayer's spouse or taxpayer's reciprocal beneficiary, who is sixty-five years of age or older within the taxable year, and multiply that number by $1,040, for taxable years beginning after December 31, 1984. A nonresident shall prorate the personal exemptions on account of income from sources outside the State as provided in section 235-5. In the case of an individual with respect to whom an exemption under this section is allowable to another taxpayer for a taxable year beginning in the calendar year in which the individual's taxable year begins, the personal exemption amount applicable to such individual under this subsection for such individual's taxable year shall be zero."

SECTION 4. Statutory material to be repealed is bracketed and stricken. New statutory material is underscored.

SECTION 5. This Act shall take effect upon its approval.

 

INTRODUCED BY:

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