Medical Tort Liability; Noneconomic Damages
Addresses medical malpractice insurance costs by capping non-economic damages at $250,000, establishing a limit of $3,000,000 for noneconomic damages determined by the court to be catastrophic damages, and requiring that economic damages be allocated based upon proportionate percentage of negligence. Sunsets June 30, 2013. (HB1992 HD1)
HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES
TWENTY-FOURTH LEGISLATURE, 2008
STATE OF HAWAII
A BILL FOR AN ACT
RELATING TO MEDICAL LIABILITY.
BE IT ENACTED BY THE LEGISLATURE OF THE STATE OF HAWAII:
SECTION 1. Chapter 671, Hawaii Revised Statutes, is amended by adding five new sections to be appropriately designated and to read as follows:
"§671- Limitation on noneconomic damages. Notwithstanding section 663-8.7, noneconomic damages as defined in section 663-8.5 shall be limited in medical tort actions to a maximum award of $250,000; provided that a plaintiff may petition the court for consideration of catastrophic damages. If catastrophic damages are granted then noneconomic damages shall be limited to a maximum award of $3,000,000. As used in this section, "catastrophic damages" means irreversible, life-altering injuries to an individual such as anoxic brain injury, permanent paralysis, or other conditions as determined by the department of health.
§671- Assessing percentage of negligence. Upon request of any nonsettling healthcare provider against whom a plaintiff alleges a medical tort which causes injury, the trier of fact shall consider, in assessing any percentage of negligence or other fault, the negligence or other fault of all alleged parties, including the negligence or other fault of any person or entity who has entered into a settlement with the plaintiff for the claimed damages, even when the settlement has been determined to have been made in good faith, pursuant to section 663-15.5.
§671- Economic damages. (a) A trier of fact may render a verdict for the plaintiff in a medical tort action that includes economic damages.
(b) For the purposes of this section, "economic damages" include but are not limited to:
(1) Past and future medical expenses;
(2) Loss of past and future earnings;
(3) Loss of use of property;
(4) Cost of repair or replacement;
(5) Cost of obtaining domestic services;
(6) Loss of employment; and
(7) Loss of business and employment opportunities.
§671- Proportionate allocation of economic damages. The amount of economic damages allocated to a healthcare provider in a medical tort action shall be based upon the healthcare provider's proportionate percentage of negligence or other fault.
§671- Noneconomic damages. (a) If the trier of fact renders a verdict for the plaintiff in a medical tort action, the court shall enter judgment of liability against each defendant healthcare provider in accordance with the percentage of negligence or other fault for compensatory damages that is attributed to the healthcare provider by the trier of fact.
(b) Judgment shall not be entered against any healthcare provider who has not been named a party or has been released, dismissed, or otherwise discharged as a party pursuant to section 663-15.5."
SECTION 2. Section 663-11, Hawaii Revised Statutes, is amended to read as follows:
Joint tortfeasors defined. For the purpose of this part, the term
"joint tortfeasors" means two or more persons jointly or severally
liable in tort for the same injury to person or property, whether or not
judgment has been recovered against all or some of them[
.], except as
provided for healthcare providers in chapter 671."
SECTION 3. Section 671-1, Hawaii Revised Statutes, is amended to read as follows:
"§671-1 Definitions. As used in this chapter:
"Health care provider" or "healthcare provider"
means a physician or surgeon licensed under chapter 453, a physician and
surgeon licensed under chapter 460, a podiatrist licensed under chapter 463E, a
health care facility as defined in section 323D-2, a dentist licensed under
chapter 448, an optometrist licensed under chapter 459, a pharmacist licensed
under chapter 461, a psychologist licensed under chapter 465, and the
employees and legal representatives of any of them. Health care provider
shall not mean any nursing institution or nursing service conducted by and for
those who rely upon treatment by spiritual means through prayer alone, or
employees of such institution or service.
"Medical tort" means [ professional negligence, the rendering of
professional service without informed consent, or an error or omission in
professional practice, by a health care provider, which proximately causes
death, injury, or other damage to a patient.] a negligent act or
omission to act by a healthcare provider in rendering professional services, or
the provision of professional service by a healthcare provider without informed
consent, which act or omission or provision of service without informed consent
is the proximate cause of a personal injury or wrongful death; provided that the
services are within the scope of services for which the provider is licensed
and which are not within any restriction imposed by the licensing agency or
SECTION 4. This Act does not affect rights and duties that matured, penalties that were incurred, and proceedings that were begun, before its effective date.
SECTION 5. Statutory material to be repealed is bracketed and stricken. New statutory material is underscored.
SECTION 6. This Act shall take effect on July 1, 2008, and shall be repealed on June 30, 2013.