Curbside Recycling Program; Integrated Solid Waste Management
Requires county integrated solid waste management plans to include a curbside recycling program.
TWENTY-FIRST LEGISLATURE, 2002
STATE OF HAWAII
A BILL FOR AN ACT
relating to recycling.
BE IT ENACTED BY THE LEGISLATURE OF THE STATE OF HAWAII:
SECTION 1. The purpose of this Act is to require the counties to include a curbside recycling program in their integrated solid waste management plans.
SECTION 2.Section 342G-25, Hawaii Revised Statutes, is amended by amending subsection (b) to read as follows:
"(b) The program element shall include at a minimum:
(1) A waste stream assessment component;
(2) A source reduction component;
(3) A recycling, including curbside recycling, and bioconversion component;
(4) An energy-balance component;
(5) A special waste component;
(6) A household hazardous waste component;
(7) A public education and information component;
(8) A landfill and incineration component;
(9) A marketing and procurement of materials component;
(10) A program implementation component; and
(11) A program funding component."
SECTION 3.Section 342G-26, Hawaii Revised Statutes, is amended to read as follows:
"§342G-26 Contents of the program element. (a) The waste stream assessment component shall describe and explain the origin, composition, and weight or volume, or both, of solid waste generated within the county during the year in which the plan is being developed, or during the subsequent years when a revised plan is being developed.
The component shall include data that are reasonably representative of, and that reflect information that considers, seasonal and year-round patterns in waste generation. The data developed in this component of the initial county plan shall serve as the baseline for future measurement of the percentage of waste reduced through source reduction, recycling, and bioconversion programs. For each revised plan, the component shall provide a quantitative estimate of the amount of each type of solid waste that was reduced through recycling and bioconversion during the previous planning period. The revised plan shall also include an estimate of reduction that has resulted from source reduction efforts, to the extent that the reduction can be quantified.
(b) The source reduction component shall identify and evaluate specific measures for achieving source reduction, including, but not limited to:
(1) Increased efficiency in the use of all materials;
(2) Replacement of disposable materials and products with reusable materials and products; and
(3) Reduced packaging.
(c) The recycling and bioconversion component shall [
identify and assess]:
The] Identify and assess level of waste reduction the county is achieving through existing recycling and bioconversion efforts;
The] Identify and assess the type and amount of solid waste that it is technically and economically feasible to recycle or alter through bioconversion; [ and]
Methods] Identify and assess methods to increase and improve the recycling and bioconversion efforts, including opportunities for backyard composting[ .]; and
(4) Include a curbside recycling program as provided in subsection (d).
For recycling, the counties shall assess the type and amount of solid waste that it is technically feasible to recycle, giving consideration at a minimum to clear glass, colored glass, aluminum, steel and bimetallic cans, high-grade office paper, newsprint, mixed paper, corrugated paper, HDPE, PET, and green waste.
For bioconversion, the counties shall assess the type and amount of solid waste that it is technically feasible to alter through bioconversion, giving consideration at a minimum to green waste, wood waste, animal manure, sewage sludge, and food wastes.
(d) As part of the recycling and bioconversion component described in subsection (c), the counties' curbside recycling program shall include the following elements:
(1) A requirement that the occupants of single family residences and other dwellings, including high-rise residential buildings, separate at least three materials deemed appropriate by the county from other solid waste generated at their residences, and store that material until collection; provided that the three materials shall be chosen from the following: glass, aluminum, steel and bimetallic cans, newsprint, corrugated paper, used motor oil, and plastics;
(2) A scheduled day, at least twice per month, during which separated materials are to be placed at the curbside or a similar location for collection;
(3) A system including trucks and related equipment for collecting recyclable materials from the curbside or similar locations at least twice per month from each participating residence; provided that in the development and implementation of a curbside recycling program, a county shall enter into negotiations with a private entity that is currently operating to exclusively collect solid waste within a service area of a county to undertake curbside recyclable materials collection responsibilities for the county. If the county and private entity fail to reach an agreement within sixty days from the initiation of those negotiations, the county may solicit proposals from other private entities to undertake curbside recyclable materials collection responsibilities for the county as it may require. Upon the determination of the lowest responsible proposal, the county may undertake, or enter into a written agreement with the private entity that submitted the lowest responsible proposal to undertake, curbside recyclable materials collection responsibilities for the county;
(4) A drop-off or buy-back recycling facility for the collection and sale or reuse of recyclable materials, including glass, aluminum cans, and newsprint;
(5) Provisions for the recycling of collected materials; and
(6) Provisions for public education and compliance.
(d)] (e) The energy-balance component shall describe the programs by which the county will investigate or incorporate ways of increasing the energy efficiency of the solid waste management process, including the assessment of energy and fuel-production options such as composting, anaerobic digestion, acid hydrolysis, production of liquid fuels, incineration, or a combination thereof. The energy component shall identify and assess:
(1) The amount of energy input, including, but not limited to, electrical power, gasoline, diesel fuel, coal, natural gas, propane, kerosene, and heating oil, required by the plan for the accomplishment of collection, recycling, composting, bioconversion, waste handling, disposal, and landfilling;
(2) The amount of energy produced from the waste, including electricity, natural gas, hydrogen, and liquid fuels such as ethanol or methanol;
(3) The net energy use or energy production attributable to the solid waste program. Where feasible, this assessment shall include energy used in the original manufacture of these goods. National averages of energy consumed may be incorporated in these estimates; and
(4) Methods by which net energy use may be decreased or net energy or fuels production may be increased.
(e)] (f) The special waste component shall describe the existing waste handling and disposal practices for special wastes, including, but not limited to, asbestos, used oil, petroleum-contaminated soil, lead acid batteries, municipal waste combustion ash, sewage sludge that is not hazardous waste, agricultural and farm-generated wastes, medical wastes, tires, white goods, and derelict vehicles. The component shall identify current and proposed programs to ensure the proper handling, reuse, and long-term disposal of special wastes.
(f)] (g) The household hazardous waste component shall:
(1) Assess the quantity and type of hazardous wastes generated by residences in the county;
(2) Describe current collection, recycling, and exchange programs, as well as current methods of disposing of household hazardous waste; and
(3) Develop programs for the collection of household hazardous wastes that protect the public and the environment from these substances. The household hazardous wastes collected by the counties shall be disposed of by a state program. A county may petition the director to be exempt from this paragraph if the county demonstrates to the director's satisfaction the adequacy of its current methods of household hazardous waste collection, recycling, exchange, and disposal to protect public health and the environment.
(g)] (h) The public education and information component shall describe the programs that the county will use, in coordination with the efforts of the office, to:
(1) Provide comprehensive and sustained public notice of the options for alternate source reduction, recycling, and bioconversion, and for the proper handling of household hazardous and special wastes; and
(2) Distribute information and educational materials regarding general solid waste issues through the media, schools, and community organizations.
(h)] (i) The landfill and incineration component shall:
(1) Assess the county's current landfill capacity and ways to extend that capacity;
(2) Assess the availability of land for future landfills;
(3) Estimate the amount of waste currently going into incineration facilities and the remaining available capacity;
(4) Estimate the amount of ash generated at incineration facilities; and
(5) Describe provisions for ash disposal.
(i)] (j) The marketing and procurement of materials component shall describe:
(1) Existing county, state, or other markets for materials diverted from the solid waste stream;
(2) Methods to increase access to markets, including the promotion of local uses for materials derived from solid waste; and
(3) Methods to promote the procurement of recycled materials by county agencies.
(j)] (k) The program implementation component shall define:
(1) Specific tasks and responsibilities;
(2) Schedules for implementation;
(3) Identification of proposed ordinances, contracts, and other guidelines; and
(4) Methods for evaluating the effectiveness of the county plan.
(k)] (l) The program funding component shall:
(1) Provide for each of the components, where applicable, the estimated cost to the county of program implementation; and
(2) Demonstrate the county's economic self-sufficiency in managing solid waste pursuant to the implementation of the approved plan. This includes the identification of county funding sources that will be used to implement the plan, and other viable sources of funding that have been identified or are anticipated."
SECTION 4. Statutory material to be repealed is bracketed and stricken. New statutory material is underscored.
SECTION 5. This Act shall take effect upon its approval.