Report Title:

Education; WWII Internment of Japanese-American Citizens

 

Description:

Appropriates funds and allocates state and district resource teacher positions to educate public school students about the history and the lessons of the World War II exclusion, removal, and detention of persons of Japanese ancestry.

HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

H.B. NO.

2797

TWENTY-FIRST LEGISLATURE, 2002

 

STATE OF HAWAII

 


 

A BILL FOR AN ACT

 

RELATING TO EDUCATION.

 

BE IT ENACTED BY THE LEGISLATURE OF THE STATE OF HAWAII:

SECTION 1. The legislature finds that the internment of Japanese-American citizens during World War II was not justified by military necessity, and that the decisions which followed Executive Order No. 9066 were not founded upon military considerations. These decisions included the exclusion and detention of American citizens and resident aliens of Japanese descent. The broad historical causes that shaped these decisions were race prejudice, war hysteria, and a failure of political leadership. Widespread ignorance about Americans of Japanese descent contributed to a policy conceived in haste and executed in an atmosphere of fear and anger at Japan. A grave personal injustice was done to the American citizens and resident aliens of Japanese ancestry who, without individual review or any documented acts of espionage or sabotage, were excluded, removed, and detained by the United States during World War II.

For these fundamental violations of the basic civil liberties and constitutional rights of these individuals of Japanese ancestry, the United States Congress apologized on behalf of the nation in the federal Civil Liberties Act of 1988.

In the aftermath of the September 11, 2001, bombings of the World Trade Center towers, the legislature is determined that prejudice, hysteria, and politics must not be the cause of such fundamental violations of the basic civil liberties and constitutional rights of American citizens and foreign nationals.

Therefore, the purpose of this Act is to appropriate funds and allocate state and district resource teacher positions in the department of education to educate public school students about the history and the lessons of the World War II exclusion, removal, and detention of persons of Japanese ancestry.

SECTION 2. Act 259, Session Laws of Hawaii 2001, is amended by adding a new section to part III to read as follows:

"SECTION 49.1. Provided that of the general fund appropriation for school-based budgeting (EDN 100) for fiscal year 2002-2003, the sum of $        , and one full-time equivalent (1.00 FTE) state resource teacher position and not less than seven full-time equivalent (7.00 FTE) district resource teacher positions, shall be used to:

(1) Educate public school students about the history and the lessons of the World War II issues of exclusion, removal, and detention of persons of Japanese ancestry versus inclusion, participation, and empowerment (e.g., nisei veterans' participation in World War II), through the development, coordination, and distribution of new educational materials and the development of curriculum materials to complement and augment resources currently available on this subject matter;

(2) Develop videos, plays, presentations, speaker bureaus, and exhibitions for presentation to public elementary and secondary schools in consultation with appropriate state and district resource teachers;

(3) Coordinate and utilize oral histories, documentary materials, and other artifacts compiled and originated by nisei veterans, their families, organizations such as the 442nd Veterans Club, Club 100, national nisei veterans' organizations, and related organizations; and

(4) Contract with the Japanese American National Museum, Hirasaki National Resource Center, Civil Liberties Archives and Study Center, through the issuance of a grant-in-aid, to provide technical assistance on this subject matter to the department of education."

SECTION 3. New statutory material is underscored.

SECTION 4. This Act shall take effect on July 1, 2002.

INTRODUCED BY:

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