Uniform Principal & Income Act

Repeals the revised uniform principal and income act under
chapter 557, Hawaii Revised Statutes.  Establishes a new uniform
principal and income act under a new chapter. (SB2536 HD2)

THE SENATE                              S.B. NO.           S.D. 1
TWENTIETH LEGISLATURE, 2000                                H.D. 2
STATE OF HAWAII                                            

                   A  BILL  FOR  AN  ACT



 1      SECTION 1.  The Hawaii Revised Statutes is amended by adding
 2 a new chapter to be appropriately designated and to read as
 3 follows:
 4                             "CHAPTER
 6                             ARTICLE 1
 8       -101  Short title.  This chapter may be cited as the
 9 Uniform Principal and Income Act.
10       -102  Definitions.  As used in this chapter, unless the
11 context otherwise requires:
12      "Accounting period" means a calendar year unless another
13 twelve-month period is selected by a fiduciary.  The term
14 includes a portion of a calendar year or other twelve-month
15 period that begins when an income interest begins or ends when an
16 income interest ends.
17      "Beneficiary" includes, in the case of a decedent's estate,
18 an heir and devisee and, in the case of a trust, an income
19 beneficiary and a remainder beneficiary.

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 1      "Fiduciary" means a personal representative or a trustee.
 2 The term includes an executor, administrator, successor personal
 3 representative, special administrator, and a person performing
 4 substantially the same function.
 5      "Income" means money or property a fiduciary receives as the
 6 current return from a principal asset.  The term includes a
 7 portion of the receipts from a sale, exchange, or liquidation of
 8 a principal asset, to the extent provided in article 4.
 9      "Income beneficiary" means a person to whom a trust's net
10 income is or may be payable.
11      "Income interest" means an income beneficiary's right to
12 receive all or part of the net income, whether the terms of the
13 trust require it to be distributed or authorize it to be
14 distributed in the trustee's discretion.
15      "Mandatory income interest" means an income beneficiary's
16 right to receive net income that the terms of the trust require
17 the fiduciary to distribute.
18      "Net income" means the total receipts allocated to income
19 during an accounting period minus the disbursements made from
20 income during the period.  Receipts and disbursements include
21 items transferred to or from income during the period under this
22 chapter.

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 1      "Person" means an individual, corporation, business trust,
 2 estate, trust, partnership, limited liability company,
 3 association, joint venture, or any other legal or commercial
 4 entity.  The term does not include a government or governmental
 5 subdivision, agency, or instrumentality.
 6      "Principal" means property held in trust for distribution to
 7 a remainder beneficiary when the trust terminates.
 8      "Remainder beneficiary" means a person, including another
 9 trust, entitled to receive principal when an income interest
10 ends.
11      "Terms of a trust" means the manifestation of the intent of
12 a settlor or decedent with respect to the trust, expressed in a
13 manner that admits of its proof in a judicial proceeding, whether
14 by written or spoken words or by conduct.
15      "Trustee" includes an original, additional, or successor
16 trustee, whether or not appointed or confirmed by a court.
17       -103  Fiduciary duties; general principles.(a)  In
18 allocating receipts and disbursements to or between principal and
19 income, and in any matter within the scope of articles 2 and 3, a
20 fiduciary:
21      (1)  Shall administer a trust or estate in accordance with
22           the terms of the trust or the will, even if there is a
23           different provision in this chapter;

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 1      (2)  May administer a trust or estate by the exercise of a
 2           discretionary power of administration given to the
 3           fiduciary by the terms of the trust or the will, even
 4           if the exercise of the power produces a result
 5           different from a result required or permitted by this
 6           chapter, and no inference that the fiduciary has
 7           improperly exercised the discretion arises from the
 8           fact that the fiduciary has made an alteration contrary
 9           to the provisions of this chapter;
10      (3)  Shall administer a trust or estate in accordance with
11           this chapter if the terms of the trust or the will do
12           not contain a different provision or do not give the
13           fiduciary a discretionary power of administration; and
14      (4)  Shall add a receipt or charge a disbursement to
15           principal to the extent that the terms of the trust and
16           this chapter do not provide a rule for allocating the
17           receipt or disbursement to or between principal and
18           income.
19      (b)  In exercising the power to adjust granted by section
20    -104(a) or a discretionary power of administration regarding a
21 matter within the scope of this chapter, whether granted by the
22 terms of a trust, a will, or this chapter, a fiduciary shall
23 administer a trust or estate impartially, based on what is fair

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 1 and reasonable to all of the beneficiaries, except to the extent
 2 that the terms of the trust or the will clearly manifest an
 3 intention that the fiduciary shall or may favor one or more of
 4 the beneficiaries.  The exercise of discretion in accordance with
 5 this chapter is presumed to be fair and reasonable to all of the
 6 beneficiaries.
 7         -104  Trustee's power to adjust.(a)  Subject to
 8 subsection (b), a trustee may adjust between principal and income
 9 to the extent the trustee considers necessary if all of the
10 following conditions are satisfied:
11      (1)  The trustee invests and manages trust assets as a
12           prudent investor;
13      (2)  The terms of the trust describe the amount that may or
14           must be distributed to a beneficiary by referring to
15           the trust's income; and
16      (3)  The trustee determines, after applying the rules in
17           section    -103(a), and considering any power the
18           trustee may have under the trust to invade principal or
19           accumulate income, either of the following conditions
20           exist:
21           (A)  The trustee is unable to administer a trust or
22                estate impartially based on what is fair and
23                reasonable to all beneficiaries if no clear

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 1                intention to favor one or more beneficiaries is
 2                manifested in the will or trust; or
 3           (B)  In the case of a will or trust that clearly
 4                manifests an intent to favor one or more
 5                beneficiaries, the trustee is unable to favor such
 6                beneficiaries without diminishing the rights of
 7                other beneficiaries.
 8      (b)  In deciding whether and to what extent to exercise the
 9 power conferred by subsection (a), a trustee shall consider all
10 of the factors relevant to the trust and its beneficiaries,
11 including the following factors to the extent they are relevant:
12      (1)  The nature, purpose, and expected duration of the
13           trust;
14      (2)  The intent of the settlor;
15      (3)  The identity and circumstances of the beneficiaries;
16      (4)  The needs for liquidity, regularity of income, and
17           preservation and appreciation of capital;
18      (5)  The assets held in the trust; the extent to which they
19           consist of financial assets, interests in closely held
20           enterprises, tangible and intangible personal property,
21           or real property; the extent to which an asset is used
22           by a beneficiary; and whether an asset was purchased by
23           the trustee or received from the settlor;

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 1      (6)  The net amount allocated to income under the other
 2           sections of this chapter and the increase or decrease
 3           in the value of the principal assets, which the trustee
 4           may estimate as to assets for which market values are
 5           not readily available;
 6      (7)  Whether and to what extent the terms of the trust give
 7           the trustee the power to invade principal or accumulate
 8           income or prohibit the trustee from invading principal
 9           or accumulating income, and the extent to which the
10           trustee has exercised a power from time to time to
11           invade principal or accumulate income;
12      (8)  The actual and anticipated effect of economic
13           conditions on principal and income and effects of
14           inflation and deflation; and
15      (9)  The anticipated tax consequences of an adjustment.
16      (c)  A trustee may not make an adjustment:
17      (1)  That diminishes the income interest in a trust that
18           requires all of the income to be paid at least annually
19           to a surviving spouse and for which an estate tax or
20           gift tax marital deduction would be allowed, in whole
21           or in part, if the trustee did not have the power to
22           make the adjustment;

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 1      (2)  That reduces the actuarial value of the income interest
 2           in a trust to which a person transfers property with
 3           the intent to qualify for a gift tax exclusion;
 4      (3)  That changes the amount payable to a beneficiary as a
 5           fixed annuity or a fixed fraction of the value of the
 6           trust's assets;
 7      (4)  From any amount that is permanently set aside for
 8           charitable purposes under a will or the terms of a
 9           trust, unless both income and principal are so set
10           aside; provided that a trustee may transfer income to
11           principal only upon a court order (unless the trustee
12           is holding institutional funds as defined in section
13           517D-3 exclusively for the benefit of a community
14           foundation and section 517D-4 applies);
15      (5)  If possessing or exercising the power to make an
16           adjustment may cause an individual to be treated as the
17           owner of all or part of the trust for income tax
18           purposes, and the individual would not be treated as
19           the owner if the trustee did not possess the power to
20           make an adjustment;
21      (6)  If possessing or exercising the power to make an
22           adjustment causes all or part of the trust assets to be
23           included for estate tax purposes in the estate of an

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 1           individual who has the power to remove a trustee or
 2           appoint a trustee, or both, and the assets would not be
 3           included in the estate of the individual if the trustee
 4           did not have the power to make an adjustment; or
 5      (7)  If the trustee is a beneficiary of the trust.
 6      (d)  If subsection (c)(5), (6), or (7) applies to a trustee
 7 and there is more than one trustee, a co-trustee to whom the
 8 provision does not apply may make the adjustment, unless the
 9 exercise of the power by the remaining trustee or trustees is
10 clearly not permitted by the terms of the trust.
11      (e)  A trustee may release the entire power conferred by
12 subsection (a) or may release only the power to adjust from
13 income to principal or the power to adjust from principal to
14 income if the trustee is uncertain about whether possessing or
15 exercising the power will cause a result described in subsection
16 (c)(1) through (6) or if the trustee determines that possessing
17 or exercising the power will or may deprive the trust of a tax
18 benefit or impose a tax burden not described in subsection (c).
19 The release may be permanent or for a specified period, including
20 a period measured by the life of an individual.
21      (f)  Terms of a trust that limit the power of a trustee to
22 make an adjustment between principal and income are not contrary
23 to this section, unless it is clear from the terms of the trust

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 1 that the terms are intended to deny the trustee the power of
 2 adjustment conferred by subsection (a).
 3      (g)  Nothing in this section or in this chapter is intended
 4 to create or imply a duty to make an adjustment, and the trustee
 5 is not liable for not considering whether to make an adjustment
 6 or for choosing not to make an adjustment.
 7         -105  Notice of proposed action.(a)  A trustee may
 8 give a notice of proposed action regarding a matter governed by
 9 the chapter as provided in this section.  For the purpose of this
10 section, a proposed action includes a course of action and a
11 decision not to take action.
12      (b)  The trustee shall mail notice of the proposed action to
13 all adult beneficiaries who are receiving, or are entitled to
14 receive, income under this trust or to receive a distribution of
15 principal if the trust were terminated at the time the notice is
16 given.
17      (c)  Notice of proposed action need not be given to any
18 person who consents in writing to the proposed action.  The
19 consent may be executed at any time before or after the proposed
20 action is taken.
21      (d)  The notice of proposed action shall state that it is
22 given pursuant to this section and shall state all of the
23 following:

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 1      (1)  The name and mailing address of the trustee;
 2      (2)  The name and telephone number of a person who may be
 3           contacted for additional information;
 4      (3)  A description of the action proposed to be taken and an
 5           explanation of the reasons for the action;
 6      (4)  The time within which objections to the proposed action
 7           can be made, which shall be at least thirty days from
 8           the mailing of the notice of proposed action; and
 9      (5)  The date on or after which the proposed action may be
10           taken or is effective.
11      (e)  A beneficiary may object to the proposed action by
12 mailing a written objection to the trustee at the address stated
13 in the notice of proposed action within the time period specified
14 in the notice of proposed action.
15      (f)  A trustee is not liable to a beneficiary for an action
16 regarding a matter governed by this chapter if the trustee does
17 not receive a written objection to the proposed action from the
18 beneficiary within the applicable period and the other
19 requirements of this section are satisfied.  If no beneficiary
20 entitled to notice objects under this section, the trustee is not
21 liable to any current or future beneficiary with respect to the
22 proposed action.

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 1      (g)  If the trustee receives a written objection within the
 2 applicable period, either the trustee or a beneficiary may
 3 petition the court to have the proposed action taken as proposed,
 4 taken with modifications, or denied.  In the proceeding, a
 5 beneficiary objecting to the proposed action has the burden of
 6 proving that the trustee's proposed action constitutes an abuse
 7 of discretion.  A beneficiary who has not objected is not
 8 estopped from opposing the proposed action in the proceeding.  If
 9 the trustee decides not to implement the proposed action, the
10 trustee shall notify the beneficiaries of the decision not to
11 take the action and the reasons for the decision, and the
12 trustee's decision not to implement the proposed action does not
13 itself give rise to liability to any current or future
14 beneficiary.  A beneficiary may petition the court to have the
15 action taken, and has the burden of proving that not taking the
16 action is an abuse of discretion.
17         -106  Proceedings regarding trustee's power to adjust.
18 In a proceeding with respect to a trustee's exercise or
19 nonexercise of the power to make an adjustment under section
20    -104, the sole remedy shall be to direct, deny, or revise an
21 adjustment between principal and income.
22                             ARTICLE 2

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 1         -201  Determination and distribution of net income.
 2 After a decedent dies, in the case of an estate, or after an
 3 income interest in a trust ends, the following rules apply:
 4      (1)  A fiduciary of an estate or a terminating income
 5           interest shall determine the amount of net income and
 6           net principal receipts received from property
 7           specifically given to a beneficiary under the rules in
 8           articles 3 through 5 that apply to trustees and the
 9           rules in paragraph (5).  The fiduciary shall distribute
10           the net income and net principal receipts to the
11           beneficiary who is to receive the specific property.
12      (2)  A fiduciary shall determine the remaining net income of
13           a decedent's estate or a terminating income interest
14           under the rules in articles 3 through 5 that apply to
15           trustees and by:
16           (A)  Including in net income all income from property
17                used to discharge liabilities;
18           (B)  Paying from income or principal, in the
19                fiduciary's discretion: fees of attorneys,
20                accountants, and fiduciaries; court costs and
21                other expenses of administration; and interest on
22                death taxes; provided that the fiduciary may pay
23                those expenses from income of property passing to

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 1                a trust for which the fiduciary claims an estate
 2                tax marital or charitable deduction only to the
 3                extent that the payment of those expenses from
 4                income will not cause the loss of the deduction;
 5                and
 6           (C)  Paying from principal all other disbursements made
 7                or incurred in connection with the settlement of a
 8                decedent's estate or the winding up of a
 9                terminating income interest, including debts,
10                funeral expenses, disposition of remains, family
11                allowances, and death taxes and related penalties
12                that are apportioned to the estate or terminating
13                income interest by the will, the terms of the
14                trust, or applicable law.
15      (3)  A fiduciary shall distribute to a beneficiary who
16           receives a pecuniary amount outright the interest or
17           other amount, provided by the will, the terms of the
18           trust, or applicable law, from net income determined
19           under paragraph (2) or from principal to the extent
20           that net income is insufficient.  If a beneficiary is
21           to receive a pecuniary amount outright from a trust
22           after an income interest ends and no interest or other
23           amount is provided for by the terms of the trust or

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 1           applicable law, the fiduciary shall distribute the
 2           interest or other amount to which the beneficiary would
 3           be entitled under applicable law if the pecuniary
 4           amount were required to be paid under a will.
 5      (4)  A fiduciary shall distribute the net income remaining
 6           after distributions required by paragraph (3) in the
 7           manner described in section    -202 to all other
 8           beneficiaries, including a beneficiary who receives a
 9           pecuniary amount in trust, even if the beneficiary
10           holds an unqualified power to withdraw assets from the
11           trust or other presently exercisable general power of
12           appointment over the trust.
13      (5)  A fiduciary may not reduce principal or income receipts
14           from property described in paragraph (1) because of a
15           payment described in section    -501 or    -502 to the
16           extent that the will, the terms of the trust, or
17           applicable law requires the fiduciary to make the
18           payment from assets other than the property or to the
19           extent that the fiduciary recovers or expects to
20           recover the payment from a third party.  The property's
21           net income and principal receipts are determined by
22           including all of the amounts the fiduciary receives or
23           pays with respect to the property, whether those

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 1           amounts accrued or became due before, on, or after the
 2           date of a decedent's death or an income interest's
 3           terminating event, and by making a reasonable provision
 4           for amounts that the fiduciary believes the estate or
 5           terminating income interest may become obligated to pay
 6           after the property is distributed.
 7         -202  Distribution to residuary and remainder
 8 beneficiaries.(a)  Each beneficiary described in section
 9    -201(4) is entitled to receive a portion of the net income
10 equal to the beneficiary's fractional interest in undistributed
11 principal assets, using values as of the distribution date.  If a
12 fiduciary makes more than one distribution of assets to
13 beneficiaries to whom this section applies, each beneficiary,
14 including one who does not receive part of the distribution, is
15 entitled, as of each distribution date, to the net income the
16 fiduciary has received after the date of death or terminating
17 event or earlier distribution date but has not distributed as of
18 the current distribution date.
19      (b)  In determining a beneficiary's share of net income, the
20 following rules apply:
21      (1)  The beneficiary is entitled to receive a portion of the
22           net income equal to the beneficiary's fractional
23           interest in the undistributed principal assets

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 1           immediately before the distribution date, including
 2           assets that later may be sold to meet principal
 3           obligations;
 4      (2)  The beneficiary's fractional interest in the
 5           undistributed principal assets shall be calculated
 6           without regard to property specifically given to a
 7           beneficiary and property required to pay pecuniary
 8           amounts not in trust;
 9      (3)  The beneficiary's fractional interest in the
10           undistributed principal assets shall be calculated on
11           the basis of the aggregate value of those assets as of
12           the distribution date without reducing the value by any
13           unpaid principal obligation; and
14      (4)  The distribution date for purposes of this section may
15           be the date as of which the fiduciary calculates the
16           value of the assets if that date is reasonably near the
17           date on which assets are actually distributed.
18      (c)  The rules in this section apply to net gain or loss
19 realized after the date of death or terminating event or earlier
20 distribution date from the disposition of a principal asset if
21 this section applies to the income from the asset.
22      (d)  If a fiduciary does not distribute all of the collected
23 but undistributed net income or gain to each person as of a

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 1 distribution date, the fiduciary shall maintain appropriate
 2 records showing the interest of each beneficiary in that net
 3 income or gain.
 4                             ARTICLE 3
 6         -301  When right to income begins and ends.(a)  An
 7 income beneficiary is entitled to net income from the date on
 8 which the income interest begins.  An income interest begins on
 9 the date specified in the terms of the trust or, if no date is
10 specified, on the date an asset becomes subject to a trust or
11 successive income interest.
12      (b)  An asset becomes subject to a trust on the date:
13      (1)  It is transferred to the trust in the case of an asset
14           that is transferred to a trust during the transferor's
15           life;
16      (2)  Of a testator's death in the case of an asset that
17           becomes subject to a trust by reason of a will, even if
18           there is an intervening period of administration of the
19           testator's estate; or
20      (3)  Of an individual's death in the case of an asset that
21           is transferred to a fiduciary by a third party because
22           of the individual's death.

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 1      (c)  An asset becomes subject to a successive income
 2 interest on the day after the preceding income interest ends, as
 3 determined under subsection (d), even if there is an intervening
 4 period of administration to wind up the preceding income
 5 interest.
 6      (d)  An income interest ends on the day before an income
 7 beneficiary dies or another terminating event occurs.  For
 8 purposes of this chapter, an income interest also ends on the
 9 last day of a period during which there is no beneficiary to whom
10 a trustee may distribute income.
11         -302  Apportionment of receipts and disbursements when
12 decedent dies or income interest begins.(a)  An income receipt
13 or disbursement other than one to which section    -201(1)
14 applies shall be allocated to principal if its due date occurs
15 before a decedent dies in the case of an estate or before an
16 income interest begins in the case of a trust or successive
17 income interest.
18      (b)  An income receipt or disbursement shall be allocated to
19 income if its due date occurs on or after the date on which a
20 decedent dies or an income interest begins and it is a periodic
21 due date.  An income receipt or disbursement shall be treated as
22 accruing from day to day if its due date is not periodic or it
23 has no due date.  The portion of the receipt or disbursement

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                                     S.B. NO.           S.D. 1
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 1 accruing before the date on which a decedent dies or an income
 2 interest begins shall be allocated to principal and the balance
 3 shall be allocated to income.
 4      (c)  An item of income or an obligation is due on the date
 5 on which the payor is required to make a payment.  If there is no
 6 stated payment date, there is no due date for the purposes of
 7 this chapter.  Distributions to shareholders or other owners from
 8 an entity to which section    -401 applies are deemed to be due
 9 on the date fixed by the entity for determining who is entitled
10 to receive the distribution or, if no date is fixed, on the
11 declaration date for the distribution.  A due date is periodic
12 for receipts or disbursements that shall be paid at regular
13 intervals under a lease or an obligation to pay interest or if an
14 entity customarily makes distributions at regular intervals.             
15         -303  Apportionment when income interest ends.(a)  As
16 used in this section, "undistributed income" means net income
17 received before the date on which an income interest ends.  The
18 term does not include an item of income or expense that is due or
19 accrued or net income that has been added or is required to be
20 added to principal pursuant to the terms of the trust.
21      (b)  When a mandatory income interest ends, the trustee
22 shall pay to a mandatory income beneficiary who survives that
23 date, or the estate of a deceased mandatory income beneficiary

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 1 whose death causes the interest to end, the beneficiary's share
 2 of the undistributed income that is not disposed of pursuant to
 3 the terms of the trust, unless the beneficiary has an unqualified
 4 power to revoke more than five per cent of the trust immediately
 5 before the income interest ends.  In the latter case, the
 6 undistributed income from the portion of the trust that may be
 7 revoked shall be added to principal.
 8      (c)  When a trustee's obligation to pay a fixed annuity or a
 9 fixed fraction of the value of the trust's assets ends, the
10 trustee shall prorate the final payment if and to the extent
11 required by applicable law to accomplish a purpose of the trust
12 or its settlor relating to income, gift, estate, or other tax
13 requirements.
14                             ARTICLE 4
16                  PART I.  RECEIPTS FROM ENTITIES
17         -401  Character of receipts.(a)  As used in this
18 section, "entity" means a corporation, partnership, joint
19 venture, limited liability company, regulated investment company,
20 real estate investment trust, common trust fund, and any other
21 organization in which a trustee has an interest other than a
22 trust or estate to which section    -402 applies or a business or
23 activity to which section    -403 applies, or an asset backed
24 security to which section    -415 applies.

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 1      (b)  Except as otherwise provided in this section, money
 2 received by a trustee from an entity shall be allocated to
 3 income.
 4      (c)  Receipts from an entity that shall be allocated to
 5 principal include:
 6      (1)  Property other than money;
 7      (2)  Money received in one distribution or a series of
 8           related distributions in exchange for part or all of a
 9           trust's interest in the entity;
10      (3)  Money received in total or partial liquidation of the
11           entity; and
12      (4)  Money received from an entity that is a regulated
13           investment company or a real estate investment trust if
14           the money distributed is a capital gain dividend for
15           federal income tax purposes.
16      (d)  Money is received in partial liquidation:
17      (1)  To the extent that the entity, at or near the time of a
18           distribution, indicates that it is a distribution in
19           partial liquidation; or
20      (2)  If the total amount of money or property received in a
21           distribution or series of related distributions is
22           greater than twenty per cent of the entity's gross
23           assets, as shown by the entity's year-end financial
24           statements immediately preceding the initial receipt.

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 1      (e)  Money shall not be received in partial liquidation, nor
 2 shall it be taken into account under subsection (d)(2), to the
 3 extent that it does not exceed the amount of income tax that a
 4 trustee or beneficiary is required to pay on taxable income of
 5 the entity that distributes the money.
 6      (f)  A trustee may rely upon a statement made by an entity
 7 about the source or character of a distribution if the statement
 8 is made at or near the time of distribution by the entity's board
 9 of directors or other person or group of persons authorized to
10 exercise powers to pay money or transfer property comparable to
11 those of a corporation's board of directors.
12         -402  Distribution from trust or estate.  Subject to the
13 terms of a recipient trust, an amount received as a distribution
14 of income from a trust or an estate in which the trust has an
15 interest other than a purchased interest shall be allocated to
16 income.  An amount received as a distribution of principal from
17 such a trust or estate shall be allocated to principal.  If a
18 trustee purchases an interest in a trust that is an investment
19 entity, or a decedent or donor transfers an interest in such a
20 trust to a trustee, section    -401 or    -415 shall apply to a
21 receipt from the trust.
22         -403  Business and other activities conducted by
23 trustee.(a)  If a trustee who conducts a business or other

Page 24                                                    2536
                                     S.B. NO.           S.D. 1
                                                        H.D. 2

 1 activity determines that it is in the best interest of all the
 2 beneficiaries to account separately for the business or activity
 3 instead of accounting for it as part of the trust's general
 4 accounting records, the trustee may maintain separate accounting
 5 records for its transactions, whether or not its assets are
 6 segregated from other trust assets.
 7      (b)  A trustee who accounts separately for a business or
 8 other activity may determine the extent to which its net cash
 9 receipts shall be retained for working capital, the acquisition
10 or replacement of fixed assets, or other reasonably foreseeable
11 needs of the business or activity, and the extent to which the
12 remaining net cash receipts are accounted for as principal or
13 income in the trust's general accounting records.  If a trustee
14 sells assets of the business or other activity, other than in the
15 ordinary course of the business or activity, the trustee shall
16 account for the net amount received as principal in the trust's
17 general accounting records to the extent the trustee determines
18 that the amount received is no longer required in the conduct of
19 the business.
20      (c)  Activities for which the trustee may maintain separate
21 accounting records include:
22      (1)  Retail, manufacturing, service, and other traditional
23           business activities;

Page 25                                                    2536
                                     S.B. NO.           S.D. 1
                                                        H.D. 2

 1      (2)  Farming;
 2      (3)  Raising and selling livestock and other animals;
 3      (4)  Management of rental properties;
 4      (5)  Extraction of minerals and other natural resources;
 5      (6)  Timber operations; and
 6      (7)  Activities to which section    -415 applies.
 8         -404  Principal receipts.  The following shall be
 9 allocated to principal:
10      (1)  To the extent not allocated to income under this
11           chapter, assets received from a:
12           (A)  Transferor during the transferor's lifetime;
13           (B)  Decedent's estate;
14           (C)  Trust with a terminating income interest; or
15           (D)  Payor pursuant to a contract naming the trust or
16                its trustee as beneficiary;
17      (2)  Money or other property received from the sale,
18           exchange, liquidation, or change in form of a principal
19           asset, including realized profit, subject to this
20           article;
21      (3)  Amounts recovered from third parties to reimburse the
22           trust because of disbursements described in section
23              -502(a)(7) or for other reasons to the extent not
24           based on the loss of income;

Page 26                                                    2536
                                     S.B. NO.           S.D. 1
                                                        H.D. 2

 1      (4)  Proceeds of property taken by eminent domain, but a
 2           separate award made for the loss of income with respect
 3           to an accounting period during which a current income
 4           beneficiary had a mandatory income interest shall be
 5           classified as income;
 6      (5)  Net income received in an accounting period during
 7           which there is no beneficiary to whom a trustee may or
 8           shall distribute income; and
 9      (6)  Other receipts as provided in part III.
10         -405  Rental property.  To the extent that a trustee
11 accounts for receipts from rental property pursuant to this
12 section, an amount received as rent of real or personal property,
13 including an amount received for cancellation or renewal of a
14 lease, shall be allocated to income.  An amount received as a
15 refundable deposit, including a security deposit or a deposit
16 that is to be applied as rent for future periods, shall be added
17 to principal and held subject to the terms of the lease and shall
18 not be available for distribution to a beneficiary until the
19 trustee's contractual obligations have been satisfied with
20 respect to that amount.
21         -406  Obligation to pay money.(a)  An amount received
22 as interest, whether determined at a fixed, variable, or floating
23 rate, on an obligation to pay money to the trustee, including an

Page 27                                                    2536
                                     S.B. NO.           S.D. 1
                                                        H.D. 2

 1 amount received as consideration for prepaying principal, shall
 2 be allocated to income without any provision for amortization of
 3 premium.
 4      (b)  An amount received from the sale, redemption, or other
 5 disposition of an obligation to pay money to the trustee more
 6 than one year after it is purchased or acquired by the trustee,
 7 including an obligation whose purchase price or value when it is
 8 acquired is less than its value at maturity, shall be allocated
 9 to principal.  If the obligation matures within one year after it
10 is purchased or acquired by the trustee, an amount received in
11 excess of its purchase price or its value when acquired by the
12 trust shall be allocated to income.
13      (c)  This section shall not apply to obligations to which
14 sections    -409 through    -412,    -414, and    -415 apply.
15         -407  Insurance policies and similar contracts.(a)
16 Except as provided in subsection (b), proceeds from a life
17 insurance policy or other contract whose beneficiary is the trust
18 or its trustee, including a contract that insures the trust or
19 its trustee against loss for the damage or destruction of, or
20 loss of title to, a principal asset shall be allocated to
21 principal.  The trustee shall allocate dividends on an insurance
22 policy to income if the premiums on the policy are paid from
23 income, and to principal if the premiums are paid from principal.

Page 28                                                    2536
                                     S.B. NO.           S.D. 1
                                                        H.D. 2

 1 This section shall not apply to a contract to which section
 2    -409 applies.
 3      (b)  Insurance proceeds shall be allocated to income if they
 4 are from a policy that insures the trustee against the loss of
 5 occupancy or other use by an income beneficiary, the loss of
 6 income, or, subject to section    -403, the loss of profits from
 7 a business.
 9         -408  Insubstantial allocations not required.  If a
10 trustee determines that an allocation between principal and
11 income required by sections    -409 through    -412 or section
12    -425 is insubstantial, the trustee may allocate the entire
13 amount to principal if one of the circumstances described in
14 section    -104(c) does not apply to such an allocation.  This
15 power may be exercised by a co-trustee in the circumstances
16 described in section    -104(d), and it may be released for the
17 reasons and in the manner described in section    -104(e).  An
18 allocation shall be presumed to be insubstantial if:
19      (1)  The amount of the allocation would increase or decrease
20           an accounting period's net income, as determined before
21           the allocation, by less than ten per cent; or
22      (2)  The value of the asset producing the receipt for which
23           the allocation would be made is less than ten per cent

Page 29                                                    2536
                                     S.B. NO.           S.D. 1
                                                        H.D. 2

 1           of the total value of the trust's assets at the
 2           beginning of the accounting period.
 3         -409  Deferred compensation, annuities, and similar
 4 payments.(a)  This section shall apply to payments that a
 5 trustee may receive over a fixed number of years or during the
 6 life of one or more individuals because of services rendered or
 7 property transferred to the payor in exchange for future
 8 payments.  The payments include those made in money or property
 9 from the payor's general assets or from a separate fund created
10 by the payor, including a private or commercial annuity, an
11 individual retirement account, and a pension, profit sharing,
12 stock bonus, or stock ownership plan.  This section shall not
13 apply to payments to which section    -410 applies.
14      (b)  To the extent that a payment is characterized as
15 interest or a dividend or a payment made in lieu of interest or a
16 dividend, it shall be allocated to income.  The balance of the
17 payment and any other payment received in the same accounting
18 period that is not characterized as interest, a dividend, or an
19 equivalent payment, shall be allocated to principal.
20      (c)  If no part of a payment is characterized as interest, a
21 dividend, or an equivalent payment, and all or part of the
22 payment is required to be made, a trustee shall allocate to
23 income ten per cent of the part that is required to be made

Page 30                                                    2536
                                     S.B. NO.           S.D. 1
                                                        H.D. 2

 1 during the accounting period and the balance to principal.  If no
 2 part of a payment is required to be made or the payment received
 3 is the entire amount to which the trustee is entitled, the entire
 4 payment shall be allocated to principal.
 5      For purposes of this subsection, a payment shall not be
 6 "required to be made" to the extent that it is made because the
 7 trustee exercises a right of withdrawal.
 8      (d)  If, to obtain an estate tax marital deduction for a
 9 trust, a trustee shall allocate more of a payment to income than
10 provided for by this section, the trustee shall allocate to
11 income the additional amount necessary to obtain the marital
12 deduction.
13         -410  Liquidating asset.(a)  As used in this section,
14 "liquidating asset" means an asset whose value will diminish or
15 terminate because the asset is expected to produce receipts for a
16 period of limited duration.  The term includes leaseholds,
17 patents, trademarks, copyrights, royalty rights, and rights to
18 receive payments during a period of more than one year under an
19 arrangement that does not provide for the payment of interest on
20 the unpaid balance.  The term does not include deferred
21 compensation that is subject to section    -409, natural
22 resources that are subject to section    -411, timber that is
23 subject to section    -412, an activity that is subject to

Page 31                                                    2536
                                     S.B. NO.           S.D. 1
                                                        H.D. 2

 1 section    -414, an asset subject to section    -415, or any
 2 asset for which the trustee establishes a reserve for
 3 depreciation under section    -503.
 4      (b)  A trustee shall allocate to income ten per cent of the
 5 receipts from a liquidating asset and the balance to principal.
 6         -411  Minerals, water, and other natural resources.(a)
 7 Receipts from an interest in minerals or other natural resources
 8 shall be allocated as follows:
 9      (1)  If received as nominal delay rental or nominal annual
10           rent on a lease, a receipt shall be allocated to
11           income.
12      (2)  If received from a production payment, a receipt shall
13           be allocated to income if and to the extent that the
14           agreement creating the production payment provides a
15           factor for interest or its equivalent.  The balance
16           shall be allocated to principal.
17      (3)  If an amount received as a royalty, bonus, or delay
18           rental is more than nominal, ninety per cent shall be
19           allocated to principal and the balance to income.
20      (4)  If an amount is received from a working interest or any
21           other interest not provided for in paragraph (1), (2),
22           or (3), ninety per cent of the net amount received
23           shall be allocated to principal and the balance to
24           income.

Page 32                                                    2536
                                     S.B. NO.           S.D. 1
                                                        H.D. 2

 1      (b)  An amount received on account of an interest in water
 2 that is renewable shall be allocated to income.  If the water is
 3 not renewable, ninety per cent of the amount shall be allocated
 4 to principal and the balance to income.
 5      (c)  This chapter applies without regard to whether a
 6 decedent or donor was extracting minerals, water, or other
 7 natural resources before the interest became subject to the
 8 trust.
 9      (d)  If a trust owns an interest in minerals, water, or
10 other natural resources on the effective date of this chapter,
11 the trustee may allocate receipts from the interest as provided
12 in this section or in the manner used by the trustee before the
13 effective date of this chapter.  If the trust acquires an
14 interest in minerals, water, or other natural resources after the
15 effective date of this chapter, the trustee shall allocate
16 receipts from the interest as provided in this section.
17         -412  Timber.(a)  A trustee may account for net
18 receipts from the sale of timber and related products under
19 subsection (b), unless the trustee determines that net receipts
20 are insubstantial and allocates the net receipts to principal
21 under section    -408.  If a trust owns more than one block of
22 timber land, the trustee may use different methods to account for
23 net receipts from different blocks.

Page 33                                                    2536
                                     S.B. NO.           S.D. 1
                                                        H.D. 2

 1      (b)  If a trustee does not account under section    -408 for
 2 net receipts from the sale of timber and related products or
 3 allocate the net receipts to principal because they are
 4 insubstantial, the trustee shall allocate the net receipts:
 5      (1)  To income to the extent that the amount of timber
 6           removed from the land does not exceed the rate of
 7           growth of the block as a whole during the accounting
 8           periods in which a beneficiary has a mandatory income
 9           interest;
10      (2)  To principal to the extent that the amount of timber
11           removed from the land exceeds the block's rate of
12           growth or the net receipts are from the sale of
13           standing timber;
14      (3)  To or between income and principal if the net receipts
15           are from the lease of timberland or from a contract to
16           cut timber from land owned by a trust, by determining
17           the amount of timber removed from the land under the
18           lease or contract and applying the rules in paragraphs
19           (1) and (2); or
20      (4)  To principal to the extent that advance payments,
21           bonuses, and other payments are not allocated pursuant
22           to paragraph (1), (2), or (3).

Page 34                                                    2536
                                     S.B. NO.           S.D. 1
                                                        H.D. 2

 1      (c)  In determining the net receipts from the sale of
 2 timber, a trustee shall deduct and transfer to principal a
 3 reasonable amount for depletion.
 4      (d)  This chapter applies regardless of whether a decedent
 5 or transferor was harvesting timber from the property before it
 6 became subject to the trust.
 7      (e)  If a trust owns an interest in timberland on the
 8 effective date of this chapter, the trustee may allocate net
 9 receipts from the sale of timber and related products as provided
10 in this section or in the manner used by the trustee before the
11 effective date of this chapter.  If the trust acquires an
12 interest in timberland after the effective date of this chapter,
13 the trustee shall allocate net receipts from the sale of timber
14 and related products as provided in this section.
15         -413  Property not productive of income.(a)  If a
16 marital deduction is allowed for all or part of a trust whose
17 assets consist substantially of property that does not provide
18 the surviving spouse with sufficient income from or use of the
19 trust assets, and if the amounts that the trustee transfers from
20 principal to income under section    -104 and distributes to the
21 spouse from principal pursuant to the terms of the trust are
22 insufficient to provide the spouse with the beneficial enjoyment
23 required to obtain the marital deduction, the spouse may require

Page 35                                                    2536
                                     S.B. NO.           S.D. 1
                                                        H.D. 2

 1 the trustee to make property productive of income, convert
 2 property within a reasonable time, or exercise the power
 3 conferred by section    -104(a).  The trustee may decide which
 4 action or combination of actions to take.
 5      (b)  In all other cases, proceeds from the sale or other
 6 disposition of an asset are principal without regard to the
 7 amount of income the asset produces during any accounting period.
 8         -414  Derivatives and options.(a)  As used in this
 9 section, "derivative" means a contract or financial instrument or
10 a combination of contracts and financial instruments that gives a
11 trust the right or obligation to participate in some or all
12 changes in the price of a tangible or intangible asset or group
13 of assets, or changes in a rate, an index of prices or rates, or
14 other market indicator for an asset or a group of assets.
15      (b)  To the extent that a trustee does not account under
16 section    -403 for transactions in derivatives, receipts from
17 and disbursement made in connection with those transactions shall
18 be allocated to principal.
19      (c)  If a trustee grants an option to buy property from the
20 trust, whether or not the trust owns the property when the option
21 is granted, grants an option that permits another person to sell
22 property to the trust, or acquires an option to buy property for
23 the trust or an option to sell an asset owned by the trust, and

Page 36                                                    2536
                                     S.B. NO.           S.D. 1
                                                        H.D. 2

 1 the trustee or other owner of the asset is required to deliver
 2 the asset if the option is exercised, an amount received for
 3 granting the option shall be allocated to principal, and an
 4 amount paid to acquire the option shall be paid from principal.
 5 A gain or loss realized upon the exercise of an option, including
 6 an option granted to a settlor of the trust for services
 7 rendered, shall be allocated to principal.
 8         -415  Asset-backed securities.(a)  As used in this
 9 section, "asset-backed security" means an asset whose value is
10 based upon the right it gives the owner to receive distributions
11 from the proceeds of financial assets that provide collateral for
12 the security.  The term includes an asset that gives the owner
13 the right to receive only the interest or other current return
14 from the collateral financial assets or only the proceeds from
15 the capital investment in the collateral financial assets.  It
16 does not include an asset to which section    -401 or    -409
17 applies.
18      (b)  If a trust receives a payment from the interest or
19 other current return and the capital investment of the collateral
20 financial assets, the trustee shall allocate to income the
21 portion of a payment that the payor identifies as being from the
22 interest or other current return, and shall allocate the balance
23 of the payment to principal.

Page 37                                                    2536
                                     S.B. NO.           S.D. 1
                                                        H.D. 2

 1      (c)  If a trust receives one or more payments in exchange
 2 for the trust's entire interest in an asset-backed security in
 3 one accounting period, the trustee shall allocate the payments to
 4 principal.  If a payment is one of a series of payments that will
 5 result in the liquidation of the trust's interest in the security
 6 over more than one accounting period, the trustee shall allocate
 7 ten per cent of the payment to income and the balance to
 8 principal.
 9                             ARTICLE 5
11         -501  Disbursements from income.  Unless otherwise
12 governed by statutory fees or unless the instrument provides for
13 it, trustee shall make the following disbursements from income to
14 the extent that they are not disbursements to which section    -
15 201(2)(B) or (C) applies:
16      (1)  One-half of the regular compensation of the trustee and
17           of any person providing investment advisory or
18           custodial services to the trustee;
19      (2)  One-half of all expenses for accountings, judicial
20           proceedings, or other matters that involve both the
21           income and remainder interests;
22      (3)  All of the other ordinary expenses incurred in
23           connection with the administration, management, or

Page 38                                                    2536
                                     S.B. NO.           S.D. 1
                                                        H.D. 2

 1           preservation of trust property and the distribution of
 2           income, including interest, ordinary repairs, regularly
 3           recurring taxes assessed against principal, and
 4           expenses of a proceeding or other matter that concerns
 5           primarily the income interest; and
 6      (4)  Recurring premiums on insurance covering the loss of a
 7           principal asset or the loss of income from or use of
 8           the asset.
 9         -502  Disbursements from principal.(a)  Unless
10 otherwise governed by statutory fees or unless the instrument
11 provides for it, a trustee shall make the following disbursements
12 from principal:
13      (1)  The remaining one-half of the disbursements described
14           in section    -501(1) and (2);
15      (2)  All of the trustee's compensation calculated on
16           principal as an acceptance, distribution, or
17           termination fee, and disbursements made to prepare
18           property for sale;
19      (3)  Payments on the principal of a trust debt;
20      (4)  Expenses of a proceeding that concerns primarily
21           principal, including a proceeding to construe the trust
22           or to protect the trust or its property;

Page 39                                                    2536
                                     S.B. NO.           S.D. 1
                                                        H.D. 2

 1      (5)  Insurance premiums paid on a policy not described in
 2           section    -501(4) of which the trust is the owner and
 3           beneficiary;
 4      (6)  Estate, inheritance, and other transfer taxes,
 5           including penalties, apportioned to the trust; and
 6      (7)  Disbursements related to environmental matters,
 7           including reclamation, assessing environmental
 8           conditions, remedying and removing environmental
 9           contamination, monitoring remedial activities and the
10           release of substances, preventing future releases of
11           substances, collecting amounts from persons liable or
12           potentially liable for the costs of those activities,
13           penalties imposed under environmental laws, rules, or
14           regulations and other payments made to comply with
15           those laws, rules, or regulations, statutory or common
16           law claims by third parties, and defending claims based
17           on environmental matters.
18      (b)  If a principal asset is encumbered with an obligation
19 that requires income from that asset to be paid directly to the
20 creditor, the trustee shall transfer from principal to income an
21 amount equal to the income paid to the creditor in reduction of
22 the obligation's principal balance.

Page 40                                                    2536
                                     S.B. NO.           S.D. 1
                                                        H.D. 2

 1         -503  Transfers from income to principal for
 2 depreciation.(a)  As used in this section, "depreciation" means
 3 a reduction in value of a fixed asset having a useful life of
 4 more than one year, due to wear, tear, decay, corrosion, or
 5 gradual obsolescence.
 6      (b)  A trustee may transfer to principal a reasonable amount
 7 of the net cash receipts from a principal asset that is subject
 8 to depreciation, but a transfer may not be made for depreciation:
 9      (1)  Of that portion of real property used or available for
10           use by a beneficiary as a residence or of tangible
11           personal property held or made available for the
12           personal use or enjoyment of a beneficiary;
13      (2)  During the administration of a decedent's estate; or
14      (3)  Under this section if the trustee is accounting under
15           section    -403 for the business or activity in which
16           the asset is used.
17      (c)  An amount transferred to principal need not be held as
18 a separate fund.
19         -504  Transfers from income to reimburse principal.(a)
20 If a trustee makes or expects to make a principal disbursement
21 described in this section, the trustee may transfer an
22 appropriate amount from income to principal in one or more
23 accounting periods to reimburse principal or to provide a reserve
24 for future principal disbursements.

Page 41                                                    2536
                                     S.B. NO.           S.D. 1
                                                        H.D. 2

 1      (b)  Principal disbursements to which subsection (a) applies
 2 include the following, but only to the extent that the trustee
 3 has not been and does not expect to be reimbursed by a third
 4 party:
 5      (1)  An amount chargeable to income but paid from principal
 6           because it is unusually large, including extraordinary
 7           repairs;
 8      (2)  A capital improvement to a principal asset, whether in
 9           the form of changes to an existing asset or the
10           construction of a new asset, including special
11           assessments;
12      (3)  Disbursements made to prepare property for rental,
13           including tenant allowances, leasehold improvements,
14           and broker's commissions;
15      (4)  Periodic payments on an obligation secured by a
16           principal asset to the extent that the amount
17           transferred from income to principal for depreciation
18           is less than the periodic payments; and
19      (5)  Disbursements described in section    -502(a)(7).
20      (c)  If the asset whose ownership gives rise to the
21 disbursements becomes subject to a successive income interest
22 after an income interest ends, a trustee may continue to transfer
23 amounts from income to principal as provided in subsection (a).

Page 42                                                    2536
                                     S.B. NO.           S.D. 1
                                                        H.D. 2

 1         -505  Income taxes.(a)  A tax required to be paid by a
 2 trustee based on receipts allocated to income shall be paid from
 3 income.
 4      (b)  A tax required to be paid by a trustee based on
 5 receipts allocated to principal shall be paid from principal,
 6 even if the tax is called an income tax by the taxing authority.
 7      (c)  A tax required to be paid by a trustee on the trust's
 8 share of an entity's taxable income shall be paid proportionately
 9 from:
10      (1)  Income to the extent that receipts from the entity are
11           allocated to income; and
12      (2)  Principal to the extent that:
13           (A)  Receipts from the entity are allocated to
14                principal; and
15           (B)  The trust's share of the entity's taxable income
16                exceeds the total receipts in paragraphs (1) and
17                (2)(A).
18      (d)  For purposes of this section, receipts allocated to
19 principal or income shall be reduced by the amount distributed to
20 a beneficiary from principal or income for which the trust
21 receives a deduction in calculating the tax.
22         -506  Adjustments between principal and income because
23 of taxes.(a)  A fiduciary may make adjustments between

Page 43                                                    2536
                                     S.B. NO.           S.D. 1
                                                        H.D. 2

 1 principal and income to offset the shifting of economic interests
 2 or tax benefits between income beneficiaries and remainder
 3 beneficiaries that arise from:
 4      (1)  Elections and decisions, other than those described in
 5           subsection (b), that the fiduciary makes from time to
 6           time regarding tax matters;
 7      (2)  An income tax or any other tax that is imposed upon the
 8           fiduciary or a beneficiary as a result of a transaction
 9           involving or a distribution from the estate or trust;
10           or
11      (3)  The ownership by an estate or trust of an interest in
12           an entity whose taxable income, whether or not
13           distributed, is includable in the taxable income of the
14           estate, trust, or a beneficiary.
15      (b)  If the amount of an estate tax marital deduction or
16 charitable contributions deduction is reduced because a fiduciary
17 deducts an amount that is paid from principal for income tax
18 purposes instead of deducting it for estate tax purposes, and as
19 a result, estate taxes paid from principal are increased and
20 income taxes paid by an estate, trust, or beneficiary are
21 decreased, each estate, trust, or beneficiary that benefits from
22 the decrease in income tax shall reimburse the principal from
23 which the increase in estate tax is paid.  The total

Page 44                                                    2536
                                     S.B. NO.           S.D. 1
                                                        H.D. 2

 1 reimbursement shall equal the increase in the estate tax to the
 2 extent that the principal used to pay the increase would have
 3 qualified for a marital deduction or charitable contributions
 4 deduction but for the payment.  The proportionate share of the
 5 reimbursement for each estate, trust, or beneficiary whose income
 6 taxes are reduced shall be the same as its proportionate share of
 7 the total decrease in income tax.  An estate or trust shall
 8 reimburse principal from income."
 9      SECTION 2.  Section 554A-3, Hawaii Revised Statutes, is
10 amended by amending subsection (c) to read as follows:
11      "(c)  A trustee has the power, subject to subsections (a)
12 and (b):
13      (1)  To collect, hold, and retain trust assets received from
14           a trustor until, in the judgment of the trustee,
15           disposition of the assets should be made;
16      (2)  To receive additions to the assets of the trust;
17      (3)  To continue or participate in the operation of any
18           business or other enterprise, and to effect
19           incorporation, dissolution, or other change in the form
20           of the organization of the business or enterprise;
21      (4)  To invest and reinvest trust assets in accordance with
22           the provisions of the trust or as provided by law;
23      (5)  To deposit trust funds in a bank;

Page 45                                                    2536
                                     S.B. NO.           S.D. 1
                                                        H.D. 2

 1      (6)  To acquire or dispose of an asset, for cash or on
 2           credit, at public or private sale; and to manage,
 3           develop, improve, exchange, partition, change the
 4           character of, or abandon a trust asset or any interest
 5           therein; and to encumber, mortgage, or pledge a trust
 6           asset for a term within or extending beyond the term of
 7           the trust, in connection with the exercise of any power
 8           vested in the trustee;
 9      (7)  To make ordinary or extraordinary repairs or
10           alterations in buildings or other structures, to
11           demolish any improvements, or to raze existing or erect
12           new party walls or buildings;
13      (8)  To subdivide, develop, or dedicate land to public use;
14           or to make or obtain the vacation of plats and adjust
15           boundaries; or to adjust differences in valuation on
16           exchange or partition by giving or receiving
17           consideration; or to dedicate easements to public use
18           without consideration;
19      (9)  To enter for any purpose into a lease as lessor or
20           lessee with or without option to purchase or renew for
21           a term within or extending beyond the term of the
22           trust;

Page 46                                                    2536
                                     S.B. NO.           S.D. 1
                                                        H.D. 2

 1     (10)  To enter into a lease or arrangement for exploration
 2           and removal of minerals or other natural resources or
 3           enter into a pooling or unitization agreement;
 4     (11)  To grant an option involving disposition of a trust
 5           asset or to take an option for the acquisition of any
 6           asset;
 7     (12)  To vote a security, in person or by general or limited
 8           proxy;
 9     (13)  To pay calls, assessments, and any other sums
10           chargeable or accruing against or on account of
11           securities;
12     (14)  To sell or exercise stock subscription or conversion
13           rights; to consent, directly or through a committee or
14           other agent, to the reorganization, consolidation,
15           merger, dissolution, or liquidation of a corporation or
16           other business enterprise;
17     (15)  To hold a security in the name of a nominee or in other
18           form without disclosure of the trust, so that title to
19           the security may pass by delivery, but the trustee is
20           liable for any act of the nominee in connection with
21           the stock so held;
22     (16)  To insure the assets of the trust against damage or
23           loss, and the trustee against liability with respect to
24           third persons;

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                                     S.B. NO.           S.D. 1
                                                        H.D. 2

 1     (17)  To borrow money to be repaid from trust assets or
 2           otherwise; to advance money for the protection of the
 3           trust, and for all expenses, losses, and liabilities
 4           sustained in the administration of the trust or because
 5           of the holding or ownership of any trust assets, for
 6           which advances with any interest the trustee has a lien
 7           on the trust assets as against the beneficiary;
 8     (18)  To pay or contest any claim; to settle a claim by or
 9           against the trust by compromise, arbitration, or
10           otherwise; and to release, in whole or in part, any
11           claim belonging to the trust to the extent that the
12           claim is uncollectible;
13     (19)  To pay taxes, assessments, compensation of the trustee,
14           and other expenses incurred in the collection, care,
15           administration, and protection of the trust;
16     (20)  To allocate items of income or expense to either trust
17           income or principal, as provided by chapter [557, the
18           Revised]    , the Uniform Principal and Income Act,
19           including creation of reserves out of income for
20           depreciation, obsolescence, or amortization, or for
21           depletion in mineral or timber properties;
22     (21)  To pay any sum distributable to a beneficiary under
23           legal disability, without liability to the trustee, by

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                                     S.B. NO.           S.D. 1
                                                        H.D. 2

 1           paying the sum to the beneficiary or by paying the sum
 2           for the use of the beneficiary either to a legal
 3           representative appointed by the court, or if none, to a
 4           relative;
 5     (22)  To effect distribution of money and property (that may
 6           be made in kind on a pro rata or non-pro rata basis),
 7           in divided or undivided interests, and to adjust
 8           resulting differences in valuation;
 9     (23)  To employ persons, including attorneys, auditors,
10           investment advisors, or agents, even if they are
11           associated with the trustee, to advise or assist the
12           trustee in performance of the trustee's administrative
13           duties; to act without independent investigation upon
14           their recommendations; and instead of acting
15           personally, to employ one or more agents to perform any
16           act of administration, whether or not discretionary;
17     (24)  To prosecute or defend actions, claims, or proceedings
18           for the protection of trust assets and of the trustee
19           in the performance of trustee duties; and
20     (25)  To execute and deliver all instruments [which] that
21           will accomplish or facilitate the exercise of the
22           powers vested in the trustee."

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                                     S.B. NO.           S.D. 1
                                                        H.D. 2

 1      SECTION 3.  Chapter 557, Hawaii Revised Statutes, is
 2 repealed.
 3      SECTION 4.  This Act applies to every trust or decedent's
 4 estate as of the beginning of an accounting period of the trust
 5 or estate following the effective date of this Act, except as
 6 otherwise expressly provided in the will, terms of the trust, or
 7 in this Act.
 8      SECTION 5.  Statutory material to be repealed is bracketed.
 9 New statutory material is underscored.
10      SECTION 6.  This Act shall take effect on July 1, 2000.