THE SENATE                           S.C.R. NO.            40
TWENTIETH LEGISLATURE, 1999                                
STATE OF HAWAII                                            

                    SENATE  CONCURRENT

 1        WHEREAS, the Department of Transportation is embarking on
 2   several programs to work with the communities of Hawaii,
 3   including the Hanalei Roads Committee on Kauai, the Hilo-
 4   Hamakua Heritage Coastline on the Big Island, and the Alliance
 5   for the Heritage of East Maui, to identify, protect, and
 6   enhance Hawaii's transportation corridors having significant
 7   historic, cultural, and scenic resources known as "heritage
 8   roads"; and
10        WHEREAS, the nation as a whole and Hawaii in particular
11   has a rich tradition of heritage roads.  However, these roads
12   are in danger.  A combination of local and national policy,
13   age, ignorance, increased traffic, and a litigious society has
14   placed heavy burdens on these significant resources; and
16        WHEREAS, the present trend, both nationally and locally,
17   is to return to the consideration of heritage roads with an eye
18   to their identification and protection; and
20        WHEREAS, the importance of the view from transportation
21   corridors to residents and visitors cannot be overemphasized;
22   and
24        WHEREAS, heritage roads enhance the quality of life,
25   creating more livable communities through respect of the past
26   and of the natural beauty that surrounds us; and
28        WHEREAS, heritage roads provide numerous economic
29   benefits.  Heritage roads are visitor attractions, and
30   contribute to the revitalization of struggling rural
31   communities.  The economic benefit of heritage roads is well
32   documented throughout the United States.  For instance, the
33   National Main Street program has helped revitalize more than
34   1150 Main Street towns and cities since 1980.  The program has
35   generated more than $24,000,000,000 in physical improvements
36   and produced twenty thousand net new businesses and over sixty-
37   four thousand new jobs since 1980; and

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                                  S.C.R. NO.            40

 1        WHEREAS, successful planning for heritage roads requires
 2   close partnership between state and federal policy makers,
 3   state transportation agencies, the Federal Highway
 4   Administration, the preservation community, and, perhaps most
 5   importantly, the impacted communities; and
 7        WHEREAS, to convey a sense of place, scenic corridors must
 8   preserve qualities unique and peculiar to that place or period.
 9   The mistake of standardization of our highways at the cost of
10   regional identity was recognized by the United States Congress,
11   which has made a commitment to preserving and protecting the
12   environmental and cultural values affected by transportation
13   facilities.  The challenge is to find design solutions that
14   also are safe and effective transportation solutions; and
16        WHEREAS, in recognition of the need for flexibility in
17   highway design, the Federal Highway Administration has moved
18   away from applying interstate standards across the board and
19   has offered flexibility through the 1991 Intermodal Surface
20   Transportation Efficiency Act (ISTEA), its successor TEA-21,
21   and the National Highway System Designation (NHS) Act of 1995.
22   TEA-21 emphasizes good design that is sensitive to its
23   surrounding environment, especially in historic and scenic
24   areas.  Further, if a proposed project allows for the
25   preservation of historic or scenic value, greater design
26   flexibility can be approved; and
28        WHEREAS, experience has shown that two elements are
29   essential to attaining success, namely, planning and community
30   involvement.  The Federal Highway Administration recognizes
31   that every project is unique.  The setting and character of the
32   area, the values of the community, the needs of the highway
33   users, and the challenges and opportunities are unique factors
34   that designers must consider with each highway project; now,
35   therefore,
37        BE IT RESOLVED by the Senate of the Twentieth Legislature
38   of the State of Hawaii, Regular Session of 1999, the House of
39   Representatives concurring, that the Legislature expresses its
40   support and encouragement for the Department of
41   Transportation's initiative to identify, protect, and enhance
42   Hawaii's historic and scenic corridors based on their expertise
43   and in conjunction with the national trend to preserve heritage
44   roads; and

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                                  S.C.R. NO.            40

 1        BE IT FURTHER RESOLVED that the Legislature encourages and
 2   supports the Department's efforts to work closely with Hawaii's
 3   communities, develop flexibility of standards, and be bold and
 4   creative in its heritage roads initiative; and
 6        BE IT FURTHER RESOLVED that certified copies of this
 7   Concurrent Resolution be transmitted to the Governor and the
 8   Director of Transportation.
12                           OFFERED BY: ___________________________