THE SENATE                           S.C.R. NO.            178
TWENTIETH LEGISLATURE, 1999                                
STATE OF HAWAII                                            
                                                             
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                    SENATE  CONCURRENT
                        RESOLUTION

  REQUESTING DEVELOPMENT OF A STATE OCEAN AND COASTAL RESOURCES
    PLAN AND STATE WATERS RECREATION MASTER PLAN.


 1        WHEREAS, Hawaii is the only state in the United States
 2   surrounded by water, geographically consisting of only 6,423
 3   square miles of land, but over 833,000 square miles of water
 4   within the 200 nautical mile zone surrounding the Hawaiian
 5   Archipelago, 4,470 square miles of which are within our
 6   territorial waters, and over 1,052 statute miles of tidal
 7   shoreline; and
 8   
 9        WHEREAS, the waters of Hawaii have always been considered
10   an integral part of the lives of its islanders, providing a
11   source of food, economic growth, recreation, relaxation, and
12   inspiration; and
13   
14        WHEREAS, Hawaii is noted the world over for its pristine
15   waters, white sand beaches, legendary surf, unique marine life,
16   and various ocean sports including world class surfing,
17   windsurfing, boogie boarding, canoeing, and kayaking; and
18   
19        WHEREAS, Hawaii's reputation as an ocean state is of vital
20   importance to tourism, the State's single largest industry and
21   economic driver; and
22   
23        WHEREAS, more cognizance of the connection between the
24   ocean resources and the State's economy is needed, especially
25   at a time when economic revitalization is a goal for the State;
26   and
27   
28        WHEREAS, in its report to the 1999 Legislature, the Office
29   of Planning reviewed the Hawaii Ocean Resources Management Plan
30   completed in 1991 and adopted in 1994, wherein a number of
31   general issues emerged, including a lack of strategic and long
32   range planning and a lack of recognition of the ecological and
33   economic importance of ocean and coastal resources for Hawaii;
34   and
35   
36        WHEREAS, while many view the plan as an ecological
37   document, it would be better viewed as the foundation to a

 
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                                  S.C.R. NO.            178
                                                        
                                                        

 
 1   State Ocean and Coastal Resources Plan, wherein the State can
 2   apply those same methodologies to planning for areas of water
 3   as applied to the land areas that make up our State; and
 4   
 5        WHEREAS, the varying and ever growing needs of ocean
 6   users, including tourism, ocean research, aquaculture, ocean
 7   mining, fishing, boating, diving, surfing, cruise lines, and
 8   maritime commerce, demands that the State develop a
 9   comprehensive plan to provide for ocean resources and develop
10   initiatives and strategies promoting an understanding of the
11   economic importance of ocean and coastal resource development
12   and management; and
13   
14        WHEREAS, perceived conflicts between community users,
15   commercial users, and good ecological management can and should
16   be addressed by a State Waters Recreation Master Plan that is
17   supported by all stakeholders; and
18   
19        WHEREAS, in an island ecosystem in which the ocean is an
20   integral component, the policies and vision of leadership must
21   reflect the interconnectedness of Hawaii's ecology and economy;
22   and
23   
24        WHEREAS, various ocean communities across the State have
25   developed area specific plans to limit commercial use of ocean
26   resources in order to sustain the resources, minimize social
27   impact on the surrounding community, and assure local use of
28   the resource; and
29   
30        WHEREAS, these restrictions have greatly impacted small
31   ocean-related businesses, which prior to 1990 generated an
32   estimated $24,000,000 annually just on Oahu, but only generated
33   $7,000,000 in 1998, a devastating reduction of over sixty-seven
34   per cent, forcing most companies to reduce jobs and many to go
35   out of business completely; and
36   
37        WHEREAS, a State Ocean and Coastal Resource Plan can and
38   should support these industries by determining alternate sites
39   and usage times that meet the commercial users' needs, thereby
40   allowing the primary site necessary ecological respite, as well
41   as use periods for the surrounding community; and
42   

 
 
 
 
 
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 1        WHEREAS, for effective ocean and coastal resource planning
 2   to be fostered in the long-term, coordination must be enhanced
 3   between the Department of Business, Economic Development, and
 4   Tourism, the Department of Land and Natural Resources, the
 5   Department of Health, the Department of Transportation, the
 6   Department of Agriculture, and the University of Hawaii; and
 7   
 8        WHEREAS, efforts to apply natural resource accounting
 9   methods developed in other parts of the world are currently
10   under way at the University of Hawaii Economic Research
11   Organization and can result in alternative methods of valuing
12   the natural resource, which would include an explanation of
13   values in terms of extended cost-benefit analyses, opportunity
14   costs, and willingness to pay for resources, thereby providing
15   managers, government leaders, and the public with valuable
16   planning and decision making tools; now, therefore,
17   
18        BE IT RESOLVED by the Senate of the Twentieth Legislature
19   of the State of Hawaii, Regular Session of 1999, the House of
20   Representatives concurring, that the Department of Business,
21   Economic Development, and Tourism, Office of Planning, in
22   conjunction with the University of Hawaii Economic Research
23   Organization, the Department of Land and Natural Resources, the
24   Department of Health, the Department of Transportation, and the
25   Department of Agriculture, is requested to develop a State
26   Ocean and Coastal Resources Plan as a long-term plan to manage
27   and maintain these resources; and
28   
29        BE IT FURTHER RESOLVED that the plan include a State
30   Waters Recreation Master Plan, which seeks to address the needs
31   of all stakeholders, builds on Hawaii's legendary ocean sports
32   reputation and enhances accessibility, maintenance, and
33   management of Hawaii's ocean, marine, and coastal resources;
34   and
35   
36        BE IT FURTHER RESOLVED that the Department of Business,
37   Economic Development, and Tourism, Office of Planning, report
38   to the Legislature twenty days prior to the Regular Session of
39   2000 on the progress of the development of the State Ocean and
40   Coastal Resources Plan and the State Waters Recreation Master
41   Plan; and
42   

 
 
 
 
 
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                                  S.C.R. NO.            178
                                                        
                                                        

 
 1        BE IT FURTHER RESOLVED that certified copies of this
 2   Concurrent Resolution be transmitted to the Director of
 3   Business, Economic Development, and Tourism, the Chairperson of
 4   the Board of Land and Natural Resources, the Director of
 5   Health, the Director of Transportation, the Chairperson of the
 6   Board of Agriculture, and the University of Hawaii Economic
 7   Research Organization.
 8 
 9 
10 
11                         OFFERED BY:  ____________________________