HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES             H.R. NO.              
TWENTIETH LEGISLATURE, 1999                                
STATE OF HAWAII                                            

                     HOUSE  RESOLUTION


 1        WHEREAS, Public Law 103-150, "To acknowledge the 100
 2   anniversary of the January 17, 1893 overthrow of the Kingdom of
 3   Hawaii, and to offer apology to Native Hawaiians on behalf of
 4   the United States for the overthrow of the Kingdom of Hawaii"
 5   was passed by the Congress of the United States and signed by
 6   President William J. Clinton on November 23, 1993; and
 8        WHEREAS, Public Law 103-150, Section 1, (3), "apologizes
 9   to Native Hawaiians on behalf of the people of the United
10   States for the overthrow of the Kingdom of Hawaii on
11   January 17, 1893 with participation of agents and citizens of
12   the United States, and the deprivation of the rights of Native
13   Hawaiians to self-determination"; and
15        WHEREAS, Public Law 103-150 recognized "prior to the
16   arrival of the first Europeans in 1778, the Native Hawaiian
17   people lived in a highly organized, self-sufficient, subsistent
18   social system based on communal land tenure with a
19   sophisticated language, culture, and religion"; and
21        WHEREAS, Public Law 103-150, recognized that "a unified
22   monarchical government of the Hawaiian Islands was established
23   in 1830 under Kamehameha I, the first King of Hawaii"; and
25        WHEREAS, Public Law 103-150, recognized that "from 1826
26   until 1893, the United States recognized the independence of
27   the Kingdom of Hawaii, extended full and complete diplomatic
28   recognition of the Hawaiian Government, and entered into
29   treaties and conventions with the Hawaiian monarchs to govern
30   commerce and navigation in 1826, 1841, 1849, 1875, and 1887";
31   and
33        WHEREAS, Public Law 103-150, recognized that "the Native
34   Hawaiian people are determined to preserve, develop, and
35   transmit to future generations their ancestral territory, and
36   their cultural identity in accordance with their own spiritual
37   and tradition beliefs, customs, practices, language, and social
38   institutions"; and

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 1        WHEREAS, Public Law 103-150 recognizes that "the
 2   indigenous Hawaiian people never directly relinquished their
 3   claims to their inherent sovereignty as a people or over their
 4   national lands to the United States, either through their
 5   monarchy or through a plebiscite or referendum"; and
 7        WHEREAS, Section 2 of Public Law 103-150, defines "the
 8   term "Native Hawaiian" to mean any individual who is a
 9   descendent of the aboriginal people who, prior to 1778,
10   occupied and exercised sovereignty in the area that now
11   constitutes the State of Hawaii"; and
13        WHEREAS, this Legislature adopted a 1995 Concurrent
14   Resolution, "Acknowledging Public Law 103-150, A Joint
15   Resolution of the U.S. Congress Containing An Apology by the
16   United States to Native Hawaiians for the Overthrow of the
17   Kingdom of Hawaii, and Adopting it in its Entirety"; and
19        WHEREAS, many Native Hawaiians have expressed their
20   inherent sovereignty as beneficiaries of their ancestral
21   national lands that were ceded to the United States through the
22   Joint Resolution of Annexation of July 7, 1898 and the trust
23   lands subject to the public land trust provided in section 5(f)
24   of Admission Act; now, therefore,
26        BE IT RESOLVED by the House of Representatives of the
27   Twentieth Legislature of the State of Hawaii, Regular Session
28   of 1999, that the Native Hawaiians, as defined in Public Law
29   103-150, shall be recognized as the inherent sovereign
30   beneficiaries of Hawaii; and
32        BE IT FURTHER RESOLVED that certified copies of this
33   Resolution be transmitted to the President and Vice President
34   of the United States; the Speaker of the House of
35   Representatives of the United States; the President of the
36   United States Senate; each member of Hawaii's congressional
37   delegation; the Speaker of the House of Representatives and the
38   President of the Senate of each state legislature in the United
39   States; the Attorney General, State of Hawaii; Governor
40   Benjamin Cayetano; all judges of the state courts; each Mayor
41   and each member of the council of each county; the members of

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 1   the Board of Education; and the Trustees of the Office of
 2   Hawaiian Affairs.
 7                         OFFERED BY:  ____________________________