HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES             H.R. NO.              
TWENTIETH LEGISLATURE, 1999                                
STATE OF HAWAII                                            

                     HOUSE  RESOLUTION


 1       WHEREAS, in the Bilingual Education Act of 1968 and
 2   subsequent amendments, the United States Congress has
 3   recognized the need for bilingual education programs to help
 4   students with limited English proficiency who are at a
 5   disadvantage in standard English-speaking classrooms; and
 7       WHEREAS, the intent of Congress was to provide initial
 8   funding for experimental programs which, when proven
 9   successful, were then to be funded for full implementation by
10   the state; and
12       WHEREAS, furthermore, court decisions have required schools
13   to provide appropriate education for students with limited
14   English proficiency whose first language is another language,
15   such as Cantonese or Mandarin, or a dialect of English, such as
16   Black English; and
18       WHEREAS, students in Hawaii's public schools with limited
19   English proficiency whose first language is another language,
20   such as Ilocano or Vietnamese, are provided with supplemental
21   services by the Department of Education (DOE) through the
22   Students with Limited English Proficiency (SLEP) program, which
23   has been very successful in addressing this target population
24   through small classes, bilingual teachers, and bilingual
25   materials; and
27       WHEREAS, SLEP is based on respect for the student and the
28   student's first language and culture, allowing the teacher and
29   the student to communicate in that language as needed, thereby
30   creating a supportive environment in which the student gains
31   English proficiency and higher self-esteem, which in turn
32   enhances the student's chances of succeeding in school and in
33   the wider society later in life; and

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                                  H.R. NO.              

 1       WHEREAS, however, thousands of students in Hawaii's public
 2   schools with limited English proficiency whose first language
 3   is Hawaii creole English (HCE), commonly referred to as "pidgin
 4   English," are not being provided with a comparable program to
 5   help them overcome similar linguistic disadvantages; and
 7       WHEREAS, teachers and schools have been trying to provide
 8   for the needs of these students by developing materials and
 9   strategies of their own, but with limited success, as reflected
10   in the over-representation of HCE speakers among those who have
11   low test scores, are in remedial reading programs, are
12   classified as special education students, are in alternative
13   education classes, and drop out of school; and
15       WHEREAS, the federal Office of Bilingual Education and
16   Minority Language Affairs determined in 1983 that HCE qualified
17   as a language for which federal funds may be expended; and
19       WHEREAS, in 1984, the DOE applied for and received federal
20   funds for Project Holopono, which operated from 1984 through
21   1988, involving about 180 HCE-speaking students in eight
22   elementary schools, and this project received a favorable
23   evaluation; and
25       WHEREAS, the DOE also applied for and received federal
26   funds for Project Akamai, which operated from 1989 through
27   1992, involving 800 ninth and tenth grade HCR-speaking students
28   in seventeen high schools, and this project also received a
29   favorable evaluation; and
31       WHEREAS, although both of these projects were successful,
32   they were not implemented on a statewide basis; now, therefore,
34       BE IT RESOLVED by the House of Representatives of the
35   Twentieth Legislature of the State of Hawaii, Regular Session
36   of 1999, that the Legislative Reference Bureau is requested to
37   review the adequacy of the DOE's language arts program for
38   students with limited English proficiency whose first language
39   is HCE; and
41       BE IT FURTHER RESOLVED that this review include:
43       (1)  A determination of the number of students whose first
44            language is HCE and have limited English proficiency;
46       (2)  A comparison and interpretation of standardized test
47            scores of students whose primary language is HCE and
48            students whose primary language is English, including
49            patterns of test results in reading comprehension,
50            vocabulary, math, and word problem solving;

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 1       (3)  A comparison of the proportion of students whose
 2            primary language is HCE in the total student
 3            population to the proportion who are in remedial
 4            reading classes, special education classes, and
 5            alternative programs, and those who have dropped out
 6            of school;
 8       (4)  The extent to which positive or negative attitudes
 9            toward students whose primary language is HCE and HCE
10            are reflected by the school in rules, policies, and
11            practices, explicit or implicit, that encourage,
12            tolerate, discourage, or discourage the use of HCE in
13            class and on the playground;
15       (5)  The extent to which students whose primary language is
16            HCE are assisted in making the transition from HCE to
17            standard English through the use of more extensive
18            reading readiness activities, by allowing the use of
19            HCE, their first language, in class discussions,
20            storytelling, and creative writing, by developing and
21            adapting reading materials for these students, and by
22            providing them with more extensive instruction in
23            vocabulary development;
25       (6)  The extent to which schools are using Keaukaha Project
26            and the Hawaii English Program materials and language-
27            experience-thinking strategies, which the DOE has
28            cited over the years as helpful in teaching HCE
29            students, as well as materials developed by Projects
30            Holopono and Akamai;
32       (7)  A survey of teachers and students regarding the need
33            for a program for students whose primary language is
34            HCE; and
36       (8)  An inquiry into whether the DOE, having received
37            federal funds for Projects Holopono and Akamai, is now
38            obligated to implement a program statewide for these
39            students;
41   and
43       BE IT FURTHER RESOLVED that the Legislative Reference
44   Bureau is requested to gather relevant information from the
45   DOE, the College of Education of the University of Hawaii, the
46   Hawaii State Teachers Association, and the Hawaii Parent
47   Teacher, and Student Association; and

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                                  H.R. NO.              

 1       BE IT FURTHER RESOLVED that the Legislative Reference
 2   Bureau is requested to report its findings and recommendations
 3   to the Legislature no later than twenty days prior to the
 4   convening of the Regular Session of 2000; and
 6       BE IT FURTHER RESOLVED that certified copies of this
 7   Resolution be transmitted to the Director of the Legislative
 8   Reference Bureau, the Chairperson of the Board of Education,
 9   the Superintendent of Education, the President of the Hawaii
10   State Teachers Association, the President of the University of
11   Hawaii, the Dean of the College of Education of the University
12   of Hawaii, and the President of the Hawaii State Parent,
13   Teachers, and Student Association.
17                         OFFERED BY:  ____________________________