Daylight saving time

Institutes daylight saving time in Hawaii.

HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES                H.B. NO.79         
TWENTIETH LEGISLATURE, 1999                                
STATE OF HAWAII                                            

                   A  BILL  FOR  AN  ACT



 1      SECTION 1.  The legislature finds that The Uniform Act of
 2 1966 (15 U.S. Code Section 260a) created daylight saving time to
 3 begin on the last Sunday of April and to end on the last Sunday
 4 of October.  In 1986, daylight saving time was amended slightly
 5 when President Reagan signed Public Law 99-359.  This law changed
 6 daylight saving time from the last Sunday in April to the first
 7 Sunday in April.  No change was made to the ending date of the
 8 last Sunday in October.
 9      The legislature further finds that the institution of
10 daylight saving time saves energy, as daylight saving time "makes
11 the sun set" one hour later and therefore reduces the period
12 between sunset and bedtime by one hour.  This means that less
13 electricity is used for lighting and appliances late in the day.
14 The institution of daylight saving time in Hawaii would be one
15 way to reduce energy costs and consumption.
16      In addition, the institution of daylight saving time in
17 Hawaii would help businesses operating in the State by maximizing
18 the length of the business day.  The number of daylight hours
19 would be longer, thereby enabling businesses to conduct more
20 business during daylight hours.  Daylight saving time would also

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 1 allow Hawaii businesses to be on the same time period as
 2 businesses on the U.S. mainland.  Thus, businesses in Hawaii
 3 would have an easier time communicating and doing business with
 4 businesses on the U.S. mainland.
 5      The purpose of this Act is to institute daylight saving time
 6 in Hawaii.
 7      SECTION 2.  Chapter 1, Hawaii Revised Statutes, is amended
 8 by adding a new section to be appropriately designated and to
 9 read as follows:
10      "1-    Daylight saving time.  Daylight saving time shall
11 begin at 2:00 a.m. on the first Sunday of April and revert to
12 Hawaiian standard time at 2:00 a.m. on the last Sunday of
13 October; provided that a county may exempt itself from this
14 section by ordinance."
15      SECTION 3.  Section 1-30, Hawaii Revised Statutes, is
16 amended to read as follows:
17      "1-30  Hawaiian standard time applicable.  In all statutes,
18 ordinances, rules, regulations, and orders relating to the time
19 of performance of any act by any state or county officer or
20 agency, whether in the legislative, executive, or judicial
21 branches of the government, or relating to the time within which
22 any rights shall accrue or determine, or within which any act
23 shall or shall not, may or may not, be performed by any person

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 1 subject to the jurisdiction of the State, that time shall be
 2 Hawaiian standard time[.]; except as provided in section 1-  ."
 3      SECTION 4.  Section 1-31, Hawaii Revised Statutes, is
 4 amended to read as follows:
 5      "1-31  Hawaiian standard time; definition; observance.
 6 Hawaiian standard time is ten hours slower than Greenwich time,
 7 based on the mean solar time of the one hundred and fiftieth
 8 degree of longitude west from Greenwich and shall be the time
 9 which the entire State, including all of its political
10 subdivisions, shall observe annually[, notwithstanding the
11 daylight time conversion provisions of the Uniform Time Act of
12 1966, Public Law 89-387, 80 Statutes at Large 107.]; except as
13 provided in section 1-  ."
14      SECTION 5.  Section 128-9, Hawaii Revised Statutes, is
15 amended to read as follows:
16      128-9 Emergency functions.  The governor shall have the
17 following further emergency functions and powers, irrespective of
18 the existence of a civil defense emergency period:
19      (1)  Prevention of hoarding, waste, etc.  To the extent
20           necessary to prevent hoarding, waste, or destruction of
21           materials, supplies, commodities, accommodations,
22           facilities, and services, to effectuate equitable
23           distribution thereof, or to establish priorities

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 1           therein as the public welfare may require, to
 2           investigate, and any other law to the contrary
 3           notwithstanding, to regulate or prohibit, by means of
 4           licensing, rationing, or otherwise, the storage,
 5           transportation, use, possession, maintenance,
 6           furnishing, sale, or distribution thereof, and any
 7           business or any transaction related thereto.
 8      (2)  Daylight saving time.  [To provide for greater
 9           productive effort by instituting daylight saving time.]
10           To revert to standard time during the days of daylight
11           saving time.
12      (3)  Hours of business.  To suspend any law, or provision
13           having the force and effect of law, as to opening and
14           closing hours of business and substitute other hours.
15      (4)  Continuity of service.  To assure the continuity of
16           service by public utilities and other facilities, both
17           publicly and privately owned, by regulating or, if
18           necessary to the continuation of the service thereof,
19           by taking over and operating the same.
20      (5)  Further provisions for greater productive effort.  To
21           fix or revise the hours of government business, and to
22           suspend section 8-1, relating to state holidays, except
23           the last paragraph which shall remain unaffected, and

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 1           in the event of the suspension the governor may
 2           establish state holidays by proclamation.
 3      (6)  Election hours.  To adjust the hours for voting to take
 4           into consideration the working hours of the voters
 5           during the national emergency and other emergency
 6           conditions, and for the purpose to suspend those
 7           provisions of section 11-131 which fix the hours for
 8           voting, and fix other hours by stating the same in the
 9           election proclamation or notice, as the case may be.
10      (7)  Furtherance of federal programs.  To further and
11           promote federal programs by making rules and
12           regulations adopting and giving the force and effect of
13           state law to federal laws, rules, regulations, and
14           orders whenever the governor finds that the same serve
15           the purposes of this chapter, including, without
16           limitation, federal price control and wage control
17           measures; and also to further and promote federal
18           programs by suspending laws that impede the same, by
19           prescribing for any license, permit, registration, or
20           certificate, additional requirements that serve as a
21           means of enforcing, or checking on the enforcement, of
22           a federal law, rule, regulation, or order, and by
23           transferring to the federal government at its request

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 1           the state employment service with its personnel,
 2           records, facilities, equipment, and supplies, and
 3           making similar requested transfers of other services
 4           when the governor finds that the most effective
 5           functioning of the services will result therefrom.
 6           Nothing in this subsection shall be deemed to be in
 7           limitation of any of the powers conferred upon the
 8           governor by this chapter.
 9      (8)  Relief of hardships, inequities, etc.  To relieve
10           hardships and inequities, or obstructions to the public
11           health, safety, or welfare, found by the governor to
12           exist in the laws and to result from the operation of
13           federal programs or measures taken under this chapter,
14           by suspending the laws, in whole or in part, or by
15           alleviating the provisions of laws on such terms and
16           conditions as the governor may impose, including,
17           without limitation, licensing laws, quarantine laws,
18           and laws relating to labels, grades, and standards."
19      SECTION 6.  Statutory material to be repealed is bracketed.
20 New statutory material is underscored.
21      SECTION 7.  This Act shall take effect upon its approval.
23                           INTRODUCED BY:  _______________________