REPORT TITLE: 
Real Estate Cont. Education


DESCRIPTION:
Codifies real estate brokers' responsibilities including
continuing education of associated real estate licensees and
staff.  Combines existing real estate continuing education
provisions into a single section and mandates that continuing
education be based on current information, law, and rules.
(HB791 HD2)

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
                                                        791
HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES                H.B. NO.           H.D. 2
TWENTIETH LEGISLATURE, 1999                                
STATE OF HAWAII                                            
                                                             
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                     A BILL FOR AN ACT

RELATING TO REAL ESTATE BROKERS AND SALESPERSONS.



BE IT ENACTED BY THE LEGISLATURE OF THE STATE OF HAWAII:

 1      SECTION 1.  The purpose of this Act is to:
 
 2      (1)  Consider if consumer protection is being compromised in
 
 3           real estate transactions in Hawaii as indicated by the
 
 4           Association of Real Estate License Law Officials
 
 5           (ARELLO) which reported that Hawaii, requiring ten
 
 6           hours per two-year licensing period, is ranked forty-
 
 7           six out of forty-nine states for mandatory continuing
 
 8           education hours based on average hours per year of
 
 9           licensing period, with the number one ranked state
 
10           requiring thirty hours within a two-year licensing
 
11           period;
 
12      (2)  Combine continuing education provisions applicable to
 
13           real estate licensees into a new section for easier
 
14           review and understanding;
 
15      (3)  Increase flexibility, range, and the number of options
 
16           available in the provision of continuing education
 
17           courses;
 
18      (4)  Codify the principal brokers' responsibilities in a new
 
19           section, including requirements for training and
 
20           educating associated real estate licensees; and
 

 
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 1      (5)  Direct the Hawaii Association of Realtors to convene a
 
 2           work study group and discuss continuing education and
 
 3           other administration issues with various interested
 
 4           parties, and submit any proposed consensus-derived
 
 5           legislation to the next legislature.
 
 6      SECTION 2.  Chapter 467, Hawaii Revised Statutes, is amended
 
 7 by adding two new sections to be appropriately designated and to
 
 8 read as follows:
 
 9      "467-     Principal brokers.  (a)  The principal broker
 
10 shall have direct management and supervision of the brokerage
 
11 firm and its real estate licensees.
 
12      (b)  The principal broker shall be responsible for:
 
13      (1)  The client trust accounts, disbursements from those
 
14           accounts, and the brokerage firm's accounting
 
15           practices;
 
16      (2)  The brokerage firm's records, contracts, and documents;
 
17      (3)  All real estate contracts of the brokerage firm and its
 
18           handling by the associated real estate salesperson;
 
19      (4)  The proper handling of any commission application, real
 
20           estate license application, or renewal application that
 
21           the principal broker or the brokerage firm expressly
 
22           agrees to handle on behalf of the applicant, including
 
23           without limitation, verifying for completeness and
 

 
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                                     H.B. NO.           H.D. 2
                                                        
                                                        

 
 1           appropriate fees, and mailing or delivering the
 
 2           appropriate documents to the commission by the required
 
 3           deadline;
 
 4      (5)  Developing policies and procedures for the brokerage
 
 5           firm concerning the handling of real estate
 
 6           transactions and the conduct of the associated real
 
 7           estate licensees and other staff, including education
 
 8           and enforcement of the policies and procedures;
 
 9      (6)  Setting a policy on continuing education requirements
 
10           for all associated real estate licensees in compliance
 
11           with the statutory requirement;
 
12      (7)  Ensuring that the licenses of all associated real
 
13           estate licensees and the brokerage firm license are
 
14           current and active;
 
15      (8)  Establishing and maintaining a training program for all
 
16           associated real estate licensees; and
 
17      (9)  Ensuring that all associated real estate licensees are
 
18           provided information and training on the latest
 
19           amendments to real estate licensing laws and rules as
 
20           well as other related laws and rules.
 
21      467-     Continuing education.  (a)  The commission shall
 
22 have the authority to:
 

 
 
 
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                                     H.B. NO.           H.D. 2
                                                        
                                                        

 
 1      (1)  Set content and other requirements for continuing
 
 2           education courses, providers, and instructors;
 
 3      (2)  Determine whether requirements have been met;
 
 4      (3)  Specify a mandatory core course or courses or
 
 5           equivalencies for a licensing biennium;
 
 6      (4)  Determine how many hours of a continuing education
 
 7           course will be credited toward the continuing education
 
 8           requirements for real estate licensees;
 
 9      (5)  Develop its own continuing education courses or approve
 
10           courses developed by others; and
 
11      (6)  Allow the provision of courses taught by alternative
 
12           delivery methods with interactive instructional
 
13           techniques.  Interactive instructional techniques may
 
14           include but are not limited to:
 
15           (A)  The opportunity for immediate exchange with an
 
16                instructor; and
 
17           (B)  Assessment and remediation through the assistance
 
18                of computer, electronic, audio, or audiovisual
 
19                interactive instruction designed to internally
 
20                measure and evaluate whether students have
 
21                mastered stated learning objectives.
 
22      (b)  Continuing education providers shall:
 

 
 
 
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                                     H.B. NO.           H.D. 2
                                                        
                                                        

 
 1      (1)  Certify that instructors have met the commission
 
 2           requirements;
 
 3      (2)  Ensure that instructors are competent in the subject
 
 4           matter of the course and are current in their knowledge
 
 5           of the subject matter; and
 
 6      (3)  Ensure that the course is based on current information,
 
 7           laws, and rules.
 
 8      (c)  Continuing education instructors shall ensure that
 
 9 their courses are based on current information, laws, and rules.
 
10      (d)  Continuing education courses shall be designed to
 
11 improve a licensee's competency, or professional standards and
 
12 practice and shall:
 
13      (1)  Be offered by a provider approved by the commission and
 
14           either be:
 
15           (A)  Approved by the commission and delivered by an
 
16                instructor certified by a commission-approved
 
17                continuing education provider;
 
18           (B)  A national course delivered by an instructor
 
19                certified by the National Association of Realtors
 
20                or its affiliates;
 
21           (C)  A national course delivered by an instructor
 
22                certified by the Building Owners and Managers
 
23                Association, the Community Associations Institute,
 

 
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                                     H.B. NO.           H.D. 2
                                                        
                                                        

 
 1                or any other national organization approved by the
 
 2                commission; or
 
 3           (D)  Certified by the Association of Real Estate
 
 4                License Law Officials;
 
 5      (2)  Be designed to allow students to exceed minimal entry
 
 6           level competency in the subject matter of the course
 
 7           including consumer protection in real estate
 
 8           transactions; and
 
 9      (3)  Not require an examination."
 
10      SECTION 3.  Section 467-11.5, Hawaii Revised Statutes, is
 
11 amended to read as follows:
 
12      "467-11.5  Prerequisites for license renewal.(a)  Prior
 
13 to the license renewal of a real estate broker or real estate
 
14 salesperson, the licensee shall provide the commission with proof
 
15 of having attended ten hours of continuing education or its
 
16 equivalent as determined by the commission during the two-year
 
17 period preceding the application for renewal.  Failure to satisfy
 
18 the continuing education requirement by the license expiration
 
19 date shall result in the license being automatically placed on an
 
20 "inactive" status.
 
21      (b)  To reactivate a license which has been placed on an
 
22 "inactive" status, the licensee shall submit to the commission
 
23 proof of having satisfied the continuing education requirement of
 

 
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                                     H.B. NO.           H.D. 2
                                                        
                                                        

 
 1 this section, a complete application setting forth the
 
 2 information as may be prescribed or required by the commission,
 
 3 and payment of the proper fee.
 
 4      [(c)  Courses offered by alternative delivery methods with
 
 5 interactive instructional techniques may be approved by the
 
 6 commission.  Interactive instructional techniques may include but
 
 7 are not limited to:
 
 8      (1)  The opportunity for immediate exchange with an
 
 9           instructor; and
 
10      (2)  Assessment and remediation through the assistance of
 
11           computer, electronic, audio, or audiovisual interactive
 
12           instruction designed to internally measure and evaluate
 
13           whether students have mastered stated learning
 
14           objectives.
 
15      (d)] (c)  No license shall be renewed if the license trade
 
16 name, partnership, or corporation is not currently registered
 
17 with the department of commerce and consumer affairs."
 
18      SECTION 4.  Section 467-1, Hawaii Revised Statutes, is
 
19 amended by deleting the definition of "continuing education".
 
20      [""Continuing education" means a course:
 
21      (1)  With a curriculum level above the current minimal
 
22           competency entry level in any of the following areas:
 
23           (A)  Protection of the general public in its real
 
24                estate transactions;
 

 
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                                     H.B. NO.           H.D. 2
                                                        
                                                        

 
 1           (B)  Consumer protection; or
 
 2           (C)  Improvement of the licensee's competency and
 
 3                professional standards and practice; and
 
 4      (2)  That is:
 
 5           (A)  Approved by the commission and delivered by an
 
 6                approved continuing education instructor;
 
 7           (B)  A national course taught by a nationally certified
 
 8                instructor certified by the National Association
 
 9                of Realtors or its affiliates; or
 
10           (C)  A national course taught by a nationally certified
 
11                instructor certified by, including but not limited
 
12                to, the Building Owners and Managers Association,
 
13                the Community Associations Institute, or other
 
14                national organization approved by the commission;
 
15 provided that the continuing education course is offered by an
 
16 approved continuing education provider.  Continuing education
 
17 courses shall not require an examination."]
 
18      SECTION 5.  The Hawaii Association of Realtors shall
 
19 initiate a work study group during the legislative interim to
 
20 discuss continuing education and administration issues with the
 
21 real estate commission, the department of commerce and consumer
 
22 affairs, and other interested parties.  The work study group's
 
23 consensus recommendations on proposed legislation to address
 

 
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                                     H.B. NO.           H.D. 2
                                                        
                                                        

 
 1 consumer protection and licensee concerns shall be submitted to
 
 2 the president of the senate, the speaker of the house, the co-
 
 3 chairs of the senate committee on commerce and consumer
 
 4 protection and the chair of the house committee on consumer
 
 5 protection and commerce prior to the convening of the regular
 
 6 session of 2000.
 
 7      SECTION 6.  Statutory material to be repealed is bracketed.
 
 8 New statutory material is underscored.
 
 9      SECTION 7.  This Act shall take effect upon its approval.