REPORT TITLE:
Early childhood


DESCRIPTION:
Improves the affordability, accessibility, and quality of early
childhood services. (HB260 HD2)

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
                                                        260
HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES                H.B. NO.           H.D. 2
TWENTIETH LEGISLATURE, 1999                                
STATE OF HAWAII                                            
                                                             
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                   A  BILL  FOR  AN  ACT

RELATING TO EARLY CHILDHOOD.



BE IT ENACTED BY THE LEGISLATURE OF THE STATE OF HAWAII:

 1                              PART I
 
 2      SECTION 1.  The legislature finds that recent neuroscience
 
 3 research demonstrated that the early years of a child are most
 
 4 crucial in a child's cognitive, emotional, social, and physical
 
 5 development, and affirmed that there are tremendous opportunities
 
 6 for preventive work with children and families as well as the
 
 7 predictable, costly consequences of not doing so.  The
 
 8 legislature further finds that quality early childhood education
 
 9 and child care that supports all aspects of early development by
 
10 parents and caregivers in a variety of settings, including child
 
11 care centers, family child care, and in the homes of families and
 
12 friends, is crucial to ensuring that every young child has a good
 
13 beginning and does not lose the potential with which the child
 
14 was born.
 
15      The legislature adopted H.C.R. No. 38 (1998), which endorsed
 
16 six desired child outcomes as state policy, and encouraged
 
17 private and public agencies serving children to use these
 
18 outcomes as a basis for policy and program development.  This
 
19 common set of outcomes focuses action and accountability toward
 
20 achieving positive results by improving the qualify of life of
 

 
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                                     H.B. NO.           H.D. 2
                                                        
                                                        

 
 1 children and youth, and establishing indicators to measure
 
 2 progress in achieving these outcomes.  These six child outcomes
 
 3 are:
 
 4      (1)  Every child will thrive physically--to be healthy from
 
 5           birth with ongoing access to good health care, and have
 
 6           a safe home, school, and community environment;
 
 7      (2)  Every child will form positive relationships--to have
 
 8           the attention of at least one caring adult and
 
 9           supportive friendship with peers;
 
10      (3)  Every child will be prepared for and succeed in
 
11           school--to have developmentally nurturing care and
 
12           early education opportunities, meet age appropriate
 
13           knowledge and competencies, and graduate from high
 
14           school;
 
15      (4)  Every child will be culturally aware and appreciative
 
16           of diversity;
 
17      (5)  Every child and youth will choose responsible
 
18           behaviors--to exhibit respect for oneself, others of
 
19           every age, and society by refraining from drug use and
 
20           from sexual and illegal activity; and
 
21      (6)  Every youth will develop marketable skills enabling a
 
22           successful transition into adulthood.
 

 
 
 
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                                     H.B. NO.           H.D. 2
                                                        
                                                        

 
 1      The legislature finds that as public and private agencies
 
 2 address the third outcome, many facets of the early childhood
 
 3 system are affected.  These fall into the areas of health,
 
 4 education, and social services that overlap to support the family
 
 5 and the child.
 
 6      The legislature further finds that additional funding in
 
 7 selected programs targeting key populations, strategically linked
 
 8 together at the local level, can significantly enhance the
 
 9 State's capacity to achieve these outcomes, as well as leverage
 
10 additional federal and private dollars.
 
11      The purpose of this Act is to:
 
12      (1)  Address a variety of these facets to improve the
 
13           affordability, accessibility, and quality of early
 
14           childhood services; and
 
15      (2)  Provide coordination to the early childhood system.
 
16                              PART II
 
17      SECTION 2.  The legislature finds that one way to improve
 
18 Hawaii's performance on the first, second, and third outcomes is
 
19 to increase the supply and quality of child care.  One indicator
 
20 of increased supply and quality of care is an increase in the
 
21 number of providers receiving licenses or accreditation.  One
 
22 strategy to increase licensing and accreditation is to help
 
23 providers overcome the financial obstacles to starting or
 
24 expanding their child care business.
 

 
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                                     H.B. NO.           H.D. 2
                                                        
                                                        

 
 1      The purpose of this part is to establish the early childhood
 
 2 education and care facilities revolving loan fund that provides
 
 3 start-up or expansion capital to family early childhood education
 
 4 and care homes and centers that are licensed or are seeking a
 
 5 license.
 
 6      SECTION 3.  Chapter 346, Hawaii Revised Statutes, is amended
 
 7 by adding a new section to be appropriately designated and to
 
 8 read as follows:
 
 9      "346-     Early childhood education and care facilities
 
10 revolving loan fund.  (a)  There may be established a revolving
 
11 fund to be known as the early childhood education and care
 
12 facilities revolving loan fund to be administered by the
 
13 department.  The purpose of the fund shall be to make loans, each
 
14 not to exceed $25,000, as start-up capital or as expansion
 
15 capital for family early childhood education and care homes or
 
16 centers that are appropriately licensed or will become
 
17 appropriately licensed.
 
18      (b)  All moneys in repayment of the loans made under
 
19 subsection (a) shall be deposited into the fund.  The department
 
20 shall determine the terms of repayment for each loan, including
 
21 interest to be paid.
 
22      (c)  In the event of a default in the repayment of any
 
23 installment of principal and interest on a loan made under
 

 
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                                     H.B. NO.           H.D. 2
                                                        
                                                        

 
 1 subsection (a), the department may contract with a collection
 
 2 agency bonded under chapter 443B for collection of the delinquent
 
 3 amounts."
 
 4      SECTION 4.  There is appropriated out of the general
 
 5 revenues of the State of Hawaii the sum of $1 or so much thereof
 
 6 as may be necessary for fiscal year 1999-2000 to be paid into the
 
 7 early childhood education and care facilities revolving loan fund
 
 8 established under section 3 of this Act.
 
 9      SECTION 5.  The sum appropriated shall be expended by the
 
10 department of human services for the purposes of this part.
 
11                             PART III
 
12      SECTION 6.  The legislature finds that one way to improve
 
13 Hawaii's performance on the third outcome is to increase the
 
14 ability of working parents to place their children with quality
 
15 caregivers.  Many working parents need financial assistance to
 
16 pay for the full cost of quality early childhood education and
 
17 care.
 
18      The purpose of this part is to increase the number of child
 
19 care subsidies.
 
20      SECTION 7.  There is appropriated out of the general
 
21 revenues of the State of Hawaii the sum of $4 or so much thereof
 
22 as may be necessary for fiscal year 1999-2000 and the sum of $4
 
23 or so much thereof as may be necessary for fiscal year 2000-2001
 

 
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                                     H.B. NO.           H.D. 2
                                                        
                                                        

 
 1 to increase the number of child care subsidies, to pay
 
 2 administrative expenses, and to provide parent workshops to
 
 3 recipients of child care subsidies in each county, as follows:
 
 4                                    FY 1999-2000       FY 2000-2001
 
 5      City and county of Honolulu         $1                 $1
 
 6      County of Maui                       1                  1
 
 7      County of Hawaii                     1                  1
 
 8      County of Kauai                      1                  1
 
 9 provided that:
 
10      (1)  Each county may allocate up to fifteen per cent of the
 
11           sum appropriated for administrative expenses incurred
 
12           in the disbursement of child care subsidies;
 
13      (2)  Subsidies shall be granted to families with incomes of
 
14           up to eighty-five per cent of the state median income;
 
15      (3)  The amount of each subsidy shall be based on family
 
16           income on a sliding scale, including a parent co-
 
17           payment; and
 
18      (4)  Receipt of a subsidy shall be contingent on applicant
 
19           families attending a parent workshop.
 
20      SECTION 8.  The sums appropriated shall be expended by the
 
21 appropriate counties for the purposes of this part.
 

 
 
 
 
 
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                                     H.B. NO.           H.D. 2
                                                        
                                                        

 
 1                              PART IV
 
 2      SECTION 9.  The legislature finds that one way to make
 
 3 progress toward the outcome that every child will be prepared for
 
 4 and succeed in school is to increase the number of accredited
 
 5 child care programs.  An accredited program is acknowledged to be
 
 6 one that places emphasis on the quality of interactions between
 
 7 teachers and children, and on the developmental appropriateness
 
 8 of the curriculum.  Health and safety, staffing, staff
 
 9 qualifications, physical environment, and administration are all
 
10 reviewed during the accreditation.
 
11      The legislature further finds that the accreditation
 
12 mentoring of early childhood programs provides support for those
 
13 interested in seeking accreditation, and develops mentoring and
 
14 leadership skills among early childhood professionals.
 
15      The purpose of this part is to expand the accreditation-
 
16 mentor project for early childhood programs.
 
17      SECTION 10.  There is appropriated out the general revenues
 
18 of the State of Hawaii the sum of $4 or so much thereof as may be
 
19 necessary for fiscal year 1999-2000 and the sum of $4 or so much
 
20 thereof as may be necessary for fiscal year 2000-2001 to expand
 
21 and continue the accreditation-mentor project for early childhood
 
22 programs, as follows:
 

 
 
 
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                                     H.B. NO.           H.D. 2
                                                        
                                                        

 
 1                                    FY 1999-2000       FY 2000-2001
 
 2      City and county of Honolulu         $1                 $1
 
 3      County of Maui                       1                  1
 
 4      County of Kauai                      1                  1
 
 5      County of Hawaii                     1                  1
 
 6      SECTION 11.  The sums appropriated shall be expended by the
 
 7 appropriate counties for the purposes of this part.
 
 8                              PART V
 
 9      SECTION 12.  The legislature finds that both public and
 
10 private resources are needed to achieve the child outcomes
 
11 adopted as state policy in H.C.R. No. 38 (1998).  Act 77, Session
 
12 Laws of Hawaii 1997, acknowledged a performance partnership among
 
13 government, the business community, the philanthropic sector,
 
14 providers of quality care, and parents, known as the good
 
15 beginnings alliance.
 
16      The good beginnings alliance has been incorporated as a
 
17 nonprofit entity that works through four good beginnings county
 
18 councils and an interdepartmental council.  The good beginnings
 
19 alliance partners work to implement strategies in good beginnings
 
20 county plans and in the state early childhood master plan that
 
21 support progress toward the child outcomes and key indicators and
 
22 benchmarks of those outcomes.
 

 
 
 
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                                     H.B. NO.           H.D. 2
                                                        
                                                        

 
 1      To continue the development and coordination of quality
 
 2 early childhood education and care services, the legislature
 
 3 finds that this public-private partnership requires public
 
 4 funding to match the private funding acquired to date.
 
 5      The purpose of this part is to continue coordination and
 
 6 implementation of the good beginnings alliance initiative.
 
 7      SECTION 13.  There is appropriated out of the general
 
 8 revenues of the State of Hawaii the sum of $1 or so much thereof
 
 9 as may be necessary for fiscal year 1999-2000 and the sum of $1
 
10 or so much thereof as may be necessary for fiscal year 2000-2001
 
11 for the coordination and implementation of the good beginnings
 
12 alliance initiative; provided that funds shall be matched by
 
13 private partnerships for the purpose for which these sums are
 
14 appropriated.
 
15      SECTION 14.  The sums appropriated shall be expended by the
 
16 department of human services for the purposes of this part.
 
17                              PART VI
 
18      SECTION 15.  The legislature finds that support for a
 
19 child's healthy and educational development is critical when the
 
20 child is very young.  The best place to start is with the
 
21 empowerment of parents in their roles as parents and teachers in
 
22 the home.
 

 
 
 
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                                     H.B. NO.           H.D. 2
                                                        
                                                        

 
 1      Families for REAL (resources for early access to learning)
 
 2 is a school-based family education program of courses and
 
 3 activities for all families and their children between the ages
 
 4 of birth and five years.  The program is based on Minnesota's
 
 5 family education model which has proven to have a positive effect
 
 6 on parenting and the well-being of children.  The program
 
 7 recognizes that families provide their children's first and most
 
 8 important learning environments, and that parents are their
 
 9 children's first and most significant teachers.  Participation by
 
10 families is voluntary and services are offered free.
 
11      Parents and their children attend age and developmentally
 
12 appropriate classes once a week for nine weeks.  They share and
 
13 learn critical parenting and teaching skills, network with each
 
14 other, learn about community resources, and become aware of what
 
15 they can do to nurture healthy children and to help children
 
16 learn.
 
17      In addition to the program's regular courses, special
 
18 interest classes are offered on such topics as stress management,
 
19 building strong families, child development, sibling rivalry,
 
20 esteem, and language development.
 
21      The legislature finds that in school year 1997-1998, three
 
22 sites, Pearl City Highlands, Kapunahala, and Wailuku Elementary,
 
23 provided direct services to four thousand seventy-seven
 

 
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                                     H.B. NO.           H.D. 2
                                                        
                                                        

 
 1 individuals.  The long-range plan is to have a total of fourteen
 
 2 sites, one site per area served by each of the eleven community
 
 3 schools for adults plus one site each on the islands of Molokai
 
 4 and Lanai, and in Kona, Hawaii.
 
 5      The legislature finds that this is a cost-effective program
 
 6 based on the fact that the average cost-per-person served is
 
 7 $108.  The legislature also finds that the program attracts
 
 8 families from all socioeconomic backgrounds, that forty to fifty
 
 9 per cent of the participant families are identified as families
 
10 at-risk, and that all the families have much to learn from and
 
11 with each other.
 
12      The purpose of this part is to expand families for REAL.
 
13      SECTION 16.  There is appropriated out of the general
 
14 revenues of the State of Hawaii the sum of $1 or so much thereof
 
15 as may be necessary for fiscal year 1999-2000 for the expansion
 
16 of families for REAL to Kapalama, King Kaumuali'i, Pearl Ridge,
 
17 and Waiakea elementary schools, and the sum of $1 or so much
 
18 thereof as may be necessary for fiscal year 2000-2001 for the
 
19 expansion of families for REAL to four additional school sites.
 
20      SECTION 17.  The sums appropriated shall be expended by the
 
21 department of education for the purposes of this part.
 

 
 
 
 
 
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                                     H.B. NO.           H.D. 2
                                                        
                                                        

 
 1                             PART VII
 
 2      SECTION 18.  The legislature finds that in order for every
 
 3 child to thrive physically and be prepared for and succeed in
 
 4 school, there needs to be more opportunity for families with at-
 
 5 risk children to receive infant and child monitoring, screening,
 
 6 and additional community referrals to meet their needs before
 
 7 entering public education programs.
 
 8      One such opportunity is the keiki/family interactive mobile
 
 9 units that provide an easily accessible early education and
 
10 intervention service to families with children from birth to five
 
11 years of age.  The program supports the parent as a child's first
 
12 teacher and brings age appropriate activities to neighborhood
 
13 parks or other accessible sites, facilitating bonding,
 
14 communication skills, normal growth and development, and
 
15 cognitive stimulation.  Parent education activities are included
 
16 as well.
 
17      The program provides a nonthreatening, culturally relevant,
 
18 learning environment for at-risk children from birth to five
 
19 years of age and their parents through which screening and
 
20 appropriate community referrals can be made for health,
 
21 nutrition, education, parenting skills, and psychological needs.
 
22      Although these units were contracted to provide direct
 
23 service to four hundred individuals during 1997-1998, by the
 

 
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                                     H.B. NO.           H.D. 2
                                                        
                                                        

 
 1 completion of the year, a total of one thousand one hundred
 
 2 forty-seven (three hundred fifty-eight adults and seven hundred
 
 3 eighty-nine children) had been served, demonstrating the need for
 
 4 the program.  Presently, the keiki/family interactive mobile
 
 5 units are offering services to select areas of need across the
 
 6 state focusing on homeless, isolated, or rural families as a
 
 7 priority.  Those locations are as follows:
 
 8      (1)  Island of Kauai:       Koloa;
 
 9      (2)  Island of Oahu:        Wahiawa, Makiki, Loliana
 
10                                  Transitional Housing, Maililand
 
11                                  Transitional Housing, and
 
12                                  Weinberg Transitional Housing
 
13                                  Waimanalo;
 
14      (3)  Island of Lanai:       Lanai City;
 
15      (4)  Island of Maui:        Harbor Lights Housing, Malama
 
16                                  Recovery Center, and Lahaina;
 
17      (5)  Island of Hawaii:      Hilo Emergency Shelter, and
 
18                                  Kawaihae Transitional Housing.
 
19      The legislature further finds that an increase in funding
 
20 will provide additional families the opportunity to participate
 
21 in the keiki/family interactive mobile unit services at the
 
22 following sites:
 

 
 
 
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                                     H.B. NO.           H.D. 2
                                                        
                                                        

 
 1      (1)  Island of Kauai:       Kapaa;
 
 2      (2)  Island of Oahu:        Kalihi/Palama/Liliha, Institute
 
 3                                  for Human Services, North Shore,
 
 4                                  Makaha, Kailua, and Waianae;
 
 5      (3)  Island of Maui:        Wailuku;
 
 6      (4)  Island of Molokai:     One site;
 
 7      (5)  Island of Hawaii:      Pahoa, Hilo, and Kona.
 
 8      The legislature further finds that the increase in service
 
 9 delivery would also provide additional resources for
 
10 developmental screening of children as well as community
 
11 referrals to identify and meet the needs of at-risk children
 
12 before entering the schools.  Through these added funds,
 
13 collaboration with agencies such as the good beginnings alliance
 
14 could be increased.
 
15      The purpose of this part is to increase the capacity of the
 
16 keiki/family interactive mobile units.
 
17      SECTION 19.  There is appropriated out of the general
 
18 revenues of the State of Hawaii the sum of $1 or so much thereof
 
19 as may be necessary for fiscal year 1999-2000 and the sum of $1
 
20 or so much thereof as may be necessary for fiscal year 2000-2001
 
21 to increase the capacity of the keiki/family interactive mobile
 
22 units.
 

 
 
 
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                                     H.B. NO.           H.D. 2
                                                        
                                                        

 
 1      SECTION 20.  The sums appropriated shall be expended by the
 
 2 department of health for the purposes of this part.
 
 3                             PART VIII
 
 4      SECTION 21.  The legislature finds that earning a high
 
 5 school degree is one of the key factors which can assist teen
 
 6 parents and their families to become self-sufficient, create
 
 7 opportunities for themselves and their children, and maximize
 
 8 their life potential.  The support needed to assist teen parents
 
 9 to complete high school is cost-effective in the long run--for
 
10 every teen who is able to become self-sufficient, over $20,000
 
11 annually in welfare benefits is saved.
 
12      The legislature further finds that access to child care is a
 
13 systemic barrier that prevents many teen mothers and some teen
 
14 fathers who have not completed high school from going to school.
 
15 In Hawaii, teen pregnancy affects approximately one thousand
 
16 eight hundred fifty teens age twelve through eighteen each year,
 
17 of which over approximately one thousand one hundred fifty result
 
18 in live births.  It is estimated that up to four hundred
 
19 parenting students who have not finished high school may need
 
20 assistance with child care.
 
21      The purpose of this part is to provide child care for
 
22 parenting teens so they may complete high school and pursue
 
23 vocational training.
 

 
Page 16                                                    260
                                     H.B. NO.           H.D. 2
                                                        
                                                        

 
 1      SECTION 22.  There is appropriated out of the general
 
 2 revenues of the State of Hawaii the sum of $1 or so much thereof
 
 3 as may be necessary for fiscal year 1999-2000 and the sum of $1
 
 4 or so much thereof as may be necessary for fiscal year 2000-2001
 
 5 for child care for parenting teens.
 
 6      SECTION 23.  The sums appropriated shall be expended by the
 
 7 department of education for the purposes of this part.
 
 8                              PART IX
 
 9      SECTION 24.  There is a national effort for child care
 
10 providers both in family-care settings and center-based settings
 
11 to be minimally qualified to work with children from birth
 
12 through age five.  Caregivers must demonstrate their ability to
 
13 nurture children's physical, social, emotional, and intellectual
 
14 growth in a child development framework.  The proof of their
 
15 competence is the child development associate credential.
 
16      The legislature finds that approximately one hundred
 
17 individuals are estimated to need financial assistance in
 
18 obtaining their child development associate credential.  Current
 
19 cost for the application packet and assessment for credentialing
 
20 is $350 per person.  This is a minimum cost as there may be other
 
21 requirements that must be met, depending on the applicant's
 
22 readiness, training, and experience.
 

 
 
 
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                                     H.B. NO.           H.D. 2
                                                        
                                                        

 
 1      The purpose of this part is to subsidize the cost of
 
 2 obtaining a child development associate credential.
 
 3      SECTION 25.  There is appropriated out of the general
 
 4 revenues of the State of Hawaii the sum of $1 or so much thereof
 
 5 as may be necessary for fiscal year 1999-2000 and the sum of $1
 
 6 or so much thereof as may be necessary for fiscal year 2000-2001
 
 7 to provide financial assistance in attaining a child development
 
 8 associate credential.
 
 9      SECTION 26.  The sums appropriated shall be expended by the
 
10 department of human services for the purposes of the part.
 
11                              PART X
 
12      SECTION 27.  The legislature finds that increasing the
 
13 number of nationally accredited early childhood programs, both
 
14 center-based and family child care, will improve the quality of
 
15 early childhood education and care in the State.  Research shows
 
16 that accreditation, a voluntary process involving validation by
 
17 an outside organization, such as the National Association for the
 
18 Education of Young Children, significantly increases the quality
 
19 of child care because accreditation sets higher standards than
 
20 licensing standards, and offers numerous opportunities for self-
 
21 assessment, growth, and improvement.
 
22      The purpose of this part is to increase the supply of
 
23 quality child care by establishing child care subsidy
 

 
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                                     H.B. NO.           H.D. 2
                                                        
                                                        

 
 1 reimbursement rates based on a sliding scale.
 
 2      SECTION 28.  Chapter 346, Hawaii Revised Statutes, is
 
 3 amended by adding a new section to part VIII to be appropriately
 
 4 designated and to read as follows:
 
 5      "346-    Early childhood education and care subsidy
 
 6 reimbursement rates.  (a)  The department may develop early
 
 7 childhood education and care subsidy reimbursement rates on a
 
 8 sliding scale, which reflect higher reimbursements for programs
 
 9 that are:
 
10      (1)  Accredited by a nationally recognized accrediting
 
11           organization; and
 
12      (2)  Regulated and licensed under the State.
 
13      (b)  The subsidy reimbursement rates shall be developed in
 
14 such a way that:
 
15      (1)  The highest subsidy reimbursement rates shall be paid
 
16           to programs accredited by a nationally recognized
 
17           accrediting organization;
 
18      (2)  The next highest subsidy reimbursement rates shall be
 
19           paid to programs that are licensed or regulated by the
 
20           State; and
 
21      (3)  The lowest subsidy reimbursement rates shall be paid to
 
22           programs that are not licensed or regulated."
 

 
 
 
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                                     H.B. NO.           H.D. 2
                                                        
                                                        

 
 1      SECTION 29.  All references to "child care", or like terms,
 
 2 as the case may be, in chapter 346 and sections 46-15.35, 206E-
 
 3 33, 235-2, 286-181, 302A-433, 302A-901, 302A-1149, 304-8.91, 304-
 
 4 8.911, 321-11, 321-322, 350-1.1, 350C-5, 394-2, 501-231, 502-111,
 
 5 846-10.5, and 846-43, Hawaii Revised Statutes, shall be amended
 
 6 to "early childhood education and care", or like terms, as the
 
 7 case may be, as the context requires.
 
 8                              PART XI
 
 9      SECTION 30.  If any provision of this Act, or the
 
10 application thereof to any person or circumstance is held
 
11 invalid, the invalidity does not affect other provisions or
 
12 applications of the Act which can be given effect without the
 
13 invalid provision or application, and to this end the provisions
 
14 of this Act are severable.
 
15      SECTION 31.  New statutory material is underscored.
 
16      SECTION 32.  This Act shall take effect on July 1, 1999.