[§663-8.5]  Noneconomic damages; defined.  (a)  Noneconomic damages which are recoverable in tort actions include damages for pain and suffering, mental anguish, disfigurement, loss of enjoyment of life, loss of consortium, and all other nonpecuniary losses or claims.

     (b)  Pain and suffering is one type of noneconomic damage and means the actual physical pain and suffering that is the proximate result of a physical injury sustained by a person. [L Sp 1986, c 2, §19]


Law Journals and Reviews


  Hawaii's Loss of Consortium Doctrine:  Our Substantive, Relational Interest Focus.  VII HBJ, no. 13, at 59 (2003).


Case Notes


  Where murder victim would have had cause of action for loss of enjoyment of life and other nonpecuniary losses under this section had murder victim survived, under §663-7, victim's claim survived victim's death and victim's estate may sue for such damages.  87 H. 273 (App.), 954 P.2d 652 (1998).

  Cited:  77 H. 282, 884 P.2d 345 (1994).