383-6 Master and servant relationship, not required when. Services performed by an individual for wages or under any contract of hire shall be deemed to be employment subject to this chapter irrespective of whether the common law relationship of master and servant exists unless and until it is shown to the satisfaction of the department of labor and industrial relations that:

(1) The individual has been and will continue to be free from control or direction over the performance of such service, both under the individual's contract of hire and in fact;

(2) The service is either outside the usual course of the business for which the service is performed or that the service is performed outside of all the places of business of the enterprise for which the service is performed; and

(3) The individual is customarily engaged in an independently established trade, occupation, profession, or business of the same nature as that involved in the contract of service. [L 1939, c 219, 2(k)(5); am L 1941, c 304, 1, pt of subs 8; RL 1945, 4207; RL 1955, 93-6; am L Sp 1959 2d, c 1, 27; HRS 383-6; gen ch 1985]


Revision Note


In paragraph (1), "and" deleted pursuant to 23G-15.


Law Journals and Reviews


Relief for Manufacturers and Wholesalers: A Proposal to Exclude Commissions Paid to Part-Time Sales Representatives from Hawaii's Unemployment Tax. II HBJ, no. 13, at 35 (1998).


Case Notes


"Control" test. 38 H. 16 (1948).

Coverage, generally. 41 H. 508 (1957).

Coverage may be broader than federal law. 41 H. 508 (1957).

"Control" test; salespersons representing home remodelling company were "employees" under control and supervision of company. 2 H. App. 421, 633 P.2d 564 (1981).



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