§196-9  Energy efficiency and environmental standards for state facilities, motor vehicles, and transportation fuel.  (a)  Each agency is directed to implement, to the extent possible, the following goals during planning and budget preparation and program implementation.

     (b)  With regard to buildings and facilities, each agency shall:

     (1)  Design and construct buildings meeting the Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design silver or two green globes rating system or another comparable state‑approved, nationally recognized, and consensus‑based guideline, standard, or system, except when the guideline, standard, or system interferes or conflicts with the use of the building or facility as an emergency shelter;

     (2)  Incorporate energy‑efficiency measures to prevent heat gain in residential facilities up to three stories in height to provide R-19 or equivalent on roofs, R-11 or equivalent in walls, and high-performance windows to minimize heat gain and, if air conditioned, minimize cool air loss.  R-value is the constant time rate resistance to heat flow through a unit area of a body induced by a unit temperature difference between the surfaces.  R-values measure the thermal resistance of building envelope components such as roof and walls.  The higher the R-value, the greater the resistance to heat flow.  Where possible, buildings shall be oriented to maximize natural ventilation and day-lighting without heat gain and to optimize solar for water heating.  This provision shall apply to new residential facilities built using any portion of state funds or located on state lands;

     (3)  Install solar water heating systems where it is cost-effective, based on a comparative analysis to determine the cost-benefit of using a conventional water heating system or a solar water heating system.  The analysis shall be based on the projected life cycle costs to purchase and operate the water heating system.  If the life cycle analysis is positive, the facility shall incorporate solar water heating.  If water heating entirely by solar is not cost-effective, the analysis shall evaluate the life cycle, cost-benefit of solar water heating for preheating water.  If a multi-story building is centrally air conditioned, heat recovery shall be employed as the primary water heating system.  Single family residential clients of the department of Hawaiian home lands and any agency or program that can take advantage of utility rebates shall be exempted from the requirements of this paragraph so they may continue to qualify for utility rebates for solar water heating;

     (4)  Implement water and energy efficiency practices in operations to reduce waste and increase conservation;

     (5)  Incorporate principles of waste minimization and pollution prevention, such as reducing, revising, and recycling as a standard operating practice in programs, including programs for waste management in construction and demolition projects and office paper and packaging recycling programs;

     (6)  Use life cycle cost-benefit analysis to purchase energy efficient equipment such as ENERGY STAR products; use public benefits fee administrator and utility rebates where available to reduce purchase and installation costs; and prioritize appliances that meet the standards required to qualify for public benefits fee administrator rebates; and

     (7)  Procure environmentally preferable products, including recycled and recycled-content, bio-based, and other resource-efficient products and materials.

     (c)  With regard to motor vehicles and transportation fuel, each agency shall:

     (1)  Comply with title 10 Code of Federal Regulations part 490, subpart C, "Mandatory State Fleet Program", if applicable;

     (2)  Comply with all applicable state laws regarding vehicle purchases;

     (3)  Once federal and state vehicle purchase mandates have been satisfied, purchase the most fuel-efficient vehicles that meet the needs of their programs; provided that the life cycle cost-benefit analysis of vehicle purchases shall include projected fuel costs;

     (4)  Purchase alternative fuels and ethanol blended gasoline when available;

     (5)  Evaluate a purchase preference for biodiesel blends, as applicable to agencies with diesel fuel purchases;

     (6)  Promote efficient operation of vehicles, including efficient planning of charging system locations and efficient utilization of renewable energy for charging electric vehicles;

     (7)  Use the most appropriate minimum octane fuel; provided that vehicles shall use 87-octane fuel unless the owner's manual for the vehicle states otherwise or the engine experiences knocking or pinging;

     (8)  Beginning with fiscal year 2005-2006 as the baseline, collect and maintain, for the life of each vehicle acquired, the following data:

          (A)  Vehicle acquisition cost;

          (B)  United States Environmental Protection Agency rated fuel economy;

          (C)  Vehicle fuel configuration, such as gasoline, diesel, flex-fuel gasoline/E85, and dedicated propane;

          (D)  Actual in-use vehicle mileage;

          (E)  Actual in-use vehicle fuel consumption;

          (F)  Actual in-use annual average vehicle fuel economy; and

          (G)  Hourly charging data by electric vehicle and electric vehicle charging system;

     (9)  Beginning with fiscal year 2005-2006 as the baseline with respect to each agency that operates a fleet of thirty or more vehicles, collect and maintain, in addition to the data in paragraph (8), the following:

          (A)  Information on the vehicles in the fleet, including vehicle year, make, model, gross vehicle weight rating, and vehicle fuel configuration;

          (B)  Fleet fuel usage, by fuel;

          (C)  Fleet mileage;

          (D)  Overall annual average fleet fuel economy and average miles per gallon of gasoline and diesel; and

          (E)  Hourly charging data by electric vehicle and electric vehicle charging system;

    (10)  Adopt a preference for the rental of electric vehicles or hybrid vehicles; provided that:

          (A)  All agencies, when renting a vehicle on behalf of a state employee in the discharge of official government business, shall rent a vehicle of one of the following types, listed in order of preference:

               (i)  Electric vehicle; or

              (ii)  Hybrid vehicle;

               provided further that the vehicle is available and suitable for the specific travel requirements;

          (B)  The agency may rent a conventional vehicle only if:

               (i)  An electric vehicle or hybrid vehicle is not suitable; or

              (ii)  Neither an electric vehicle nor a hybrid vehicle is available;

          (C)  An agency shall exercise the policy preference for rental of an electric vehicle or hybrid vehicle notwithstanding the potential higher cost associated with renting an electric vehicle or hybrid vehicle; provided that the rental rate for the electric vehicle or hybrid vehicle is comparable to that of a conventional vehicle of similar class; provided further that the cost premium is consistent with any budgetary constraints and not contradicted by an existing state contract with the rental business entity from which the vehicle is rented; and

          (D)  To the extent practicable, all agencies shall rent a vehicle pursuant to subparagraph (A) from a rental contractor; and

   [(11)] Plan and coordinate vehicle acquisition to meet the following clean ground transportation goals:

          (A)  One hundred per cent of light-duty motor vehicles that are passenger cars in the State's fleet shall be zero-emission vehicles by December 31, 2030; and

          (B)  One hundred per cent of light-duty motor vehicles in the State's fleet shall be zero-emission vehicles by December 31, 2035.

     For the purposes of this subsection:

     "Light-duty motor vehicle" shall have the same meaning as contained in title 10 Code [of] Federal Regulations part 490.

     "Passenger car" shall have the same meaning as contained in title 49 Code of Federal Regulations section 571.3.

     "Zero-emission vehicle" shall have the same meaning as contained in title 40 Code of Federal Regulations section 88.102-94. [L 2006, c 96, §4; am L 2021, c 73, §3 and c 74, §5; am L 2022, c 188, §1]