[707-781] Labor trafficking in the first degree. (1) A person commits the offense of labor trafficking in the first degree if the person intentionally or knowingly provides or obtains, or attempts to provide or obtain, another person for labor or services by any of the following means committed against the other person:

(a) Any of the acts constituting extortion as described in section 707-764, except that for purposes of this paragraph "labor" and "services" shall be as defined in section 707-780;

(b) The acts constituting kidnapping as described in section 707-720(1)(a) through (g), except that for purposes of this paragraph "labor" and "services" shall be as defined in section 707-780;

(c) The acts described in section 707-721(1) or 707-722, relating to unlawful imprisonment;

(d) The acts described in section 707-730, 707-731, or 707-732, relating to sexual assault in the first, second, or third degree;

(e) Force, deadly force, or unlawful force;

(f) The acts described in the definition of deception pursuant to section 708-800, or fraud, which means making material false statements, misstatements, or omissions to induce or maintain the person to engage or continue to engage in the labor or services;

(g) Requiring that labor or services be performed to retire, repay, or service a real or purported debt, if performing the labor or services is the exclusive method allowed to retire, repay, or service the debt and the indebted person is required to repay the debt with direct labor in place of currency; provided that this shall not include labor or services performed by a child for the child's parent or guardian;

(h) The acts described in either section 707-710, 707‑711, or 707-712, relating to assault;

(i) Withholding any of the person's government-issued identification documents with the intent to impede the movement of the person;

(j) Using any scheme, plan, or pattern intended to cause the person to believe that if the person did not perform the labor or services, then the person or a friend or a member of the person's family would suffer serious harm, serious financial loss, or physical restraint; or

(k) Using or threatening to use any form of domination, restraint, or control over the person which, given the totality of the circumstances, would have the reasonably foreseeable effect of causing the person to engage in or to remain engaged in the labor or services.

(2) Labor trafficking in the first degree is a class A felony. [L 2011, c 146, pt of 1]

 

 

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