[§663-1.2]  Tort liability for breach of contract; punitive damages.  No person may recover damages, including punitive damages, in tort for a breach of a contract in the absence of conduct that:

     (1)  Violated a duty that is independently recognized by principles of tort law; and

     (2)  Transcended the breach of the contract. [L 1999, c 237, §1]


Law Journals and Reviews


  Russ Francis v. Lee Enterprises:  Hawai‘i Turns Away From Tortious Breach of Contract.  23 UH L. Rev. 647 (2001).



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