DIVISION 3. PROPERTY; FAMILY

 

TITLE 28. PROPERTY

 

Chapter

501 Land Court Registration

502 Bureau of Conveyances; Recording

502C Family Child Care Homes

503 Commissioners of Deeds--Repealed

503B Time Share Commissioners of Deeds

504 Federal Judgment Registration

505 Uniform Federal Tax Lien Registration Act (Modified)

506 Mortgages of Real Property or Fixtures

507 Liens

507D Nonconsensual Common Law Liens and Frivolous Financing

Statements

508 Uniform Vendor and Purchaser Risk Act

508C Uniform Environmental Covenants Act

508D Mandatory Seller Disclosures in Real Estate Transactions

509 Conveyances to Two or More

510 Community Property

511 War Emergency Agency--Repealed

512 Release of Powers

513 Property Rights--Labor Organizations

514 Horizontal Property Regimes--Repealed

514A Condominium Property Regimes--Repealed

514B Condominiums

514C Lease to Fee Conversions for Condominiums and Cooperative

Housing Corporations

514E Time Sharing Plans

515 Discrimination in Real Property Transactions

516 Residential Leaseholds

516D Residential Leasehold Condominiums and Cooperatives

517 Disposition of Trust Real Property

517D Uniform Management of Institutional Funds Act--Repealed

517E Uniform Prudent Management of Institutional Funds Act

518 Covenants in Leases

519 Real Property Leases

520 Landowners' Liability

520A Landowner's Liability for Access to Control Invasive

Species

521 Residential Landlord-Tenant Code

522 Uniform Disclaimer of Property Interests Act--Repealed

523 Revised Uniform Disposition of Unclaimed Property

Act--Repealed

523A Unclaimed Property

524 Facilities for Elders

525 Uniform Statutory Rule Against Perpetuities

526 Uniform Disclaimer of Property Interests Act

527 Uniform Real Property Transfer on Death Act

 

CHAPTER 501

LAND COURT REGISTRATION

 

Part I. General Provisions

Land Court; Personnel

Section

501-1 Court; jurisdiction; proceedings; location; rules,

practice, etc.

501-2 Judges; assignment of cases

501-3 Sessions

501-4 Process

501-5 Repealed

501-6 Registrar and assistants; appointment, tenure,

powers, and duties

501-7 Registrar; powers, duties

501-8 Registrar may act in any circuit

501-9 Assistant registrars; powers

501-10 Registrar and assistants; oath, accounts, absence

501-11 Examiners of title; appointment, removal

501-12 Salaries and expenses

501-13 Validity of facsimile signature

 

Commencement of Land Registration Procedure

501-20 Definitions

501-20.5 Rules

501-21 Registration application; by whom made

501-22 Filing; memorandum to be recorded

501-23 Application, form, and contents

501-23.5 Disposition of fees received at the bureau of

conveyances

501-24 Agent for nonresident

501-25 Application may include several parcels

501-26 Amendments to application

501-27 Land bounded on way

501-28 Plans and muniments

501-29 Land subject to mortgage or lease

501-30 Additional facts

501-31 Transfers pending application; temporary record;

final record

501-32 Reference to examiner; report; election to proceed

501-33 Accretion to land

 

Notice after Report

501-41 Notice of application

501-42 Service; return day; further notice

501-43 Guardian ad litem; compensation

501-44 Contests not otherwise represented; duty of attorney

general; res adjudicata when

501-45 Answer intervention; surveyor to be heard when

501-46 Default; effect

 

Hearings and Powers

501-51 Reference to other judges or to master; maps,

reference; subdivision; costs; etc.

501-52 Powers of the court

501-53 Dismissal; effect; withdrawal, conditions

 

Review of Decisions and Decrees

501-61 to 63 Repealed

501-64 Enforcement of decrees; bailiff

 

Decrees

501-71 Decree of registration; conditional when; quieting

title, exceptions; reopened when

501-72 Types of nonabsolute title

501-73 Removing clouds on title

501-74 Decree, contents of

501-75 Transcription of decree in registry; certificate of

title

 

Legal Incidents of Registered Land

501-81 Legal incidents of registered land

501-82 Tenure of holder of certificate of title

501-83 Certificate effective from transcription

501-83.5 Outstanding owner's duplicate certificates

501-84 Certificates, when two or more owners

501-85 Substitution, one certificate for several, several

for one; subdivisions, maps

501-86 Registration runs with land

501-87 No adverse possession or prescription

501-88 Certificate as evidence

501-89 Indexes, record books, etc.

 

Voluntary Dealing with Land after Original Registration

501-101 Voluntary dealing with registered lands

501-101.5 Agreements of sale; priority

501-102 Filing liens, etc., notice

501-103 Conveyances of less than fee simple

501-104 Reference of doubtful questions

501-105 Grantee's address, etc., to be stated

501-106 Entry of new certificate

501-107 Entry record; duplicates and certified copies

501-108 Conveyance of fee; procedure

501-109 Portion of registered fee

501-110 Statement of encumbrances

 

Mortgages

501-116 Mortgage registration necessary

501-117 Procedure

501-118 Foreclosure

 

Leases

501-121 Leases; registration required

 

Trusts

501-131 Transfer in trust; procedure

501-132 Powers to be noted on certificate; construction for

court

501-133 New trustee

501-134 Trusts, implied or constructive

501-135 Application by trustee

501-136 Attachment and other liens; filing or recording of

501-137 Repealed

501-138 Discharge or modification of liens to be recorded

501-139 Assistant registrar as official recorder

501-140 Indorsement of and notices to plaintiff's attorney

501-141 Court orders to be recorded

501-142 Mechanic's lien

501-143 Enforcement of lien

501-144 New certificate after enforcement of lien; tax sale

 

Pending Actions; Judgments and Partitions; Recording

501-151 Pending actions, judgments; recording of, notice

501-152 Certificate of judgment for defendant

501-153 Certificate of judgment for plaintiff

501-154 Writ of possession, service, time limit for

registration

501-155 Judgment directing conveyance

501-156 Partition

501-157 Reregistration of mortgage or lease after partition

501-158 Notice of bankruptcy proceedings

501-159 Decree of discharge

 

Eminent Domain; Recording

501-166 Eminent domain; recording procedure

501-167 New certificate upon reverter of land

 

Descent and Devise

501-171 Registration upon transfer by descent and devise

501-172 License to sell or mortgage, not affected

501-173 Purchaser acquiring title through personal

representative may have the same registered

501-174 Power of attorney; registration necessary

 

Lost Duplicate Certificates

501-181 Repealed

 

Adverse Claims after Original Registration

501-186 Registration of adverse claims; notice; hearing;

costs

 

Compelling Surrender of Duplicate Certificate

501-191 Repealed

 

Amendment and Alteration of Certificate of Title

501-196 Alterations upon registration book prohibited

when; court hearings; limitations

 

Service of Notice after Registration

501-201 Service of notice after registration; how made;

effect

 

Fees and Actions for Recovery of Loss

501-211 Fees required for protection against loss or damage

501-212 Actions for compensation for fraud, mistake, etc.

501-213 Action, parties defendant

501-214 Judgments, how satisfied

501-215 Subrogation in favor of State

501-216 State, not liable when

501-217 Limitation of actions

501-218 Schedule of fees; authority to amend

501-219 Sale of land court maps

 

Penalty

501-221 Repealed

 

Miscellaneous Provisions

501-231 Family child care homes; permitted use in residential

areas

501-232 Prohibition of transfer fees

 

Leasehold Time Share Interests

501-241 Leasehold time share interests

501-242 Status of leasehold time share interest as real

property

501-243 Dual recording involving leasehold time share

interests

501-244 Assignment of leasehold time share interest

501-245 Reference to recorded instruments pertaining to

leasehold time share interests

501-246 Legal incidents of a leasehold time share interest

501-247 Voluntary dealing with a leasehold time share interest

501-248 Jurisdiction for matters pertaining to leasehold time

share interests

 

Part II. Deregistration

501-261 Deregistration of fee time share interests

501-261.5 Deregistration of registered land other than

fee time share interests

501-262 Effect of deregistration

501-263 Effect of deregistration in specific cases

501-264 Chain of title of deregistered land

501-265 Status of fee time share interest and other interest

in deregistered land as real property

501-266 Dual recording involving deregistered land

501-267 Reference to prior recorded instrument

501-268 Legal incidents of deregistered land

501-269 Jurisdiction for matters pertaining to deregistered

land

 

Note

 

$5 transaction fee; repealed on effective date of administrative rules that address the establishment of transaction fees for recordings. L 2009, c 120, 16, 21.

 

Cross References

 

Nonconsensual common law liens, see chapter 507D.

 

Rules of Court

 

See Rules of the Land Court; applicability of Hawaii Rules of Civil Procedure, see HRCP rule 81(b)(1), (d), (f), (g), (h).

 

Law Journals and Reviews

 

Constructive Trust: An Equitable Doctrine for Protecting and Establishing Legal Interests in Real Property. II HBJ, no. 13, at 121 (1998).

 

Case Notes

 

Act 73, L 2003, by declaring accreted land to be "public land" and prohibiting littoral owners from registering existing accretion under this chapter and/or quieting title under chapter 669, permanently divested a littoral owner of his or her ownership rights to any existing accretions to oceanfront property that were unregistered or unrecorded as of the effective date of Act 73 or for which no application for registration or petition to quiet title was pending; thus, Act 73 effectuated a permanent taking of such accreted lands without just compensation in violation of article I, 20 of the Hawaii constitution. 122 H. 34 (App.), 222 P.3d 441 (2009).

Act 73, L 2003, by declaring accreted land to be "public land" and prohibiting littoral owners from registering future accretion under this chapter and/or quieting title under chapter 669, did not effectuate a taking of future accreted lands without just compensation in violation of article I, 20 of the Hawaii constitution where plaintiffs had no vested right to future accretions to their oceanfront land that may never materialize. 122 H. 34 (App.), 222 P.3d 441 (2009).

 

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