321-11 Subjects of health rules, generally. [Repeal and reenactment on June 30, 2014. L Sp 2009, c 21, 8.] The department of health pursuant to chapter 91 may adopt rules that it deems necessary for the public health and safety respecting:

(1) Nuisances, foul or noxious odors, gases, vapors, waters in which mosquitoes breed or may breed, sources of filth, and causes of sickness or disease, within the respective districts of the State, and on board any vessel;

(2) Adulteration and misbranding of food or drugs;

(3) Location, air space, ventilation, sanitation, drainage, sewage disposal, and other health conditions of buildings, courts, construction projects, excavations, pools, watercourses, areas, and alleys;

(4) Privy vaults and cesspools;

(5) Fish and fishing;

(6) Interments and dead bodies;

(7) Disinterments of dead human bodies, including the exposing, disturbing, or removing of these bodies from their place of burial, or the opening, removing, or disturbing after due interment of any receptacle, coffin, or container holding human remains or a dead human body or a part thereof and the issuance and terms of permits for the aforesaid disinterments of dead human bodies;

(8) Cemeteries and burying grounds;

(9) Laundries, and the laundering, sanitation, and sterilization of articles including linen and uniforms used by or in the following businesses and professions: barber shops, manicure shops, beauty parlors, electrology shops, restaurants, soda fountains, hotels, rooming and boarding houses, bakeries, butcher shops, public bathhouses, midwives, masseurs, and others in similar calling, public or private hospitals, and canneries and bottling works where foods or beverages are canned or bottled for public consumption or sale; provided that nothing in this chapter shall be construed as authorizing the prohibiting of laundering, sanitation, and sterilization by those conducting any of these businesses or professions where the laundering or sterilization is done in an efficient and sanitary manner;

(10) Hospitals, freestanding surgical outpatient facilities, skilled nursing facilities, intermediate care facilities, adult residential care homes, adult foster homes, assisted living facilities, special treatment facilities and programs, home health agencies, home care agencies, hospices, freestanding birthing facilities, adult day health centers, independent group residences, and therapeutic living programs, but excluding youth shelter facilities unless clinical treatment of mental, emotional, or physical disease or handicap is a part of the routine program or constitutes the main purpose of the facility, as defined in section 346-16 under "child [caring] institution". For the purpose of this paragraph, "adult foster home" has the same meaning as provided in section 321-11.2;

(11) Hotels, rooming houses, lodging houses, apartment houses, tenements, and residences for persons with developmental disabilities including those built under federal funding;

(12) Laboratories;

(13) Any place or building where noisome or noxious trades or manufacturing is carried on, or intended to be carried on;

(14) Milk;

(15) Poisons and hazardous substances, the latter term including any substance or mixture of substances that:

(A) Is corrosive;

(B) Is an irritant;

(C) Is a strong sensitizer;

(D) Is inflammable; or

(E) Generates pressure through decomposition, heat, or other means,

if the substance or mixture of substances may cause substantial personal injury or substantial illness during or as a proximate result of any customary or reasonably foreseeable handling or use, including reasonably foreseeable ingestion by children;

(16) Pig and duck ranches;

(17) Places of business, industry, employment, and commerce, and the processes, materials, tools, machinery, and methods of work done therein; and places of public gathering, recreation, or entertainment;

(18) Any restaurant, theater, market, stand, shop, store, factory, building, wagon, vehicle, or place where any food, drug, or cosmetic is manufactured, compounded, processed, extracted, prepared, stored, distributed, sold, offered for sale, or offered for human consumption or use;

(19) Foods, drugs, and cosmetics, and the manufacture, compounding, processing, extracting, preparing, storing, selling, and offering for sale, consumption, or use of any food, drug, or cosmetic;

(20) [Device] as defined in section 328-1;

(21) Sources of ionizing radiation;

(22) Medical examination, vaccination, revaccination, and immunization of school children. No child shall be subjected to medical examination, vaccination, revaccination, or immunization, whose parent or guardian objects in writing thereto on grounds that the requirements are not in accordance with the religious tenets of an established church of which the parent or guardian is a member or adherent, but no objection shall be recognized when, in the opinion of the department, there is danger of an epidemic from any communicable disease;

(23) Disinsectization of aircraft entering or within the State as may be necessary to prevent the introduction, transmission, or spread of disease or the introduction or spread of any insect or other vector of significance to health;

(24) Fumigation, including the process by which substances emit or liberate gases, fumes, or vapors that may be used for the destruction or control of insects, vermin, rodents, or other pests, which, in the opinion of the department, may be lethal, poisonous, noxious, or dangerous to human life;

(25) Ambulances and ambulance equipment;

(26) Development, review, approval, or disapproval of management plans submitted pursuant to the Asbestos Hazard Emergency Response Act of 1986, Public Law 99-519; and

(27) Development, review, approval, or disapproval of an accreditation program for specially trained persons pursuant to the Residential Lead-Based Paint Hazard Reduction Act of 1992, Public Law 102-550.

The department of health may require any certificates, permits, or licenses that it may deem necessary to adequately regulate the conditions or businesses referred to in this section. [PC 1869, c 59, 4 to 6; am L 1905, c 42, 1; am L 1911, c 132, 2; am L 1913, c 63, 1; am L 1919, c 235, 1; RL 1925, 912; am L 1933, c 73, 1; RL 1935, pt of 904 and 1130; am L 1937, c 122, 4 and c 197, 1; am L 1941, c 18, 1; RL 1945, 2015; am L 1945, c 116, 1(b); am L 1949, c 71, 1; am L 1951, c 18, 3, c 64, 1, and c 181, 1; am L 1953, c 32, 1; RL 1955, 46-13; am L 1957, c 153, 1; am L Sp 1959 2d, c 1, 19; am L 1963, c 150, 1; HRS 321-11; am L 1969, c 134, 1; am L 1973, c 5, 1; am L 1978, c 7, 1; am L 1980, c 239, 3; am L 1981, c 84, 1; am L 1985, c 272, 4; am L 1986, c 37, 1, c 178, 2, and c 328, 1; am L 1987, c 334, 1; am L 1988, c 194, 2; am L 1989, c 223, 1; am L 1990, c 285, 5; am L 1992, c 15, 1; am L 1995, c 87, 2; am L 1997, c 219, 1 and c 220, 2; am L Sp 2009, c 21, 3]




The source note to this section is supplemented by "am L Sp 2009, c 21, 8; am L 2014, c 125, 2; am L 2019, c 158, 2".


Cross References


Dental health facilities; health care facilities; use of latex gloves, see 321-11.9.


Case Notes


May require suitable locations for laundries. 19 H. 628.

Regulation beyond limits of power conferred by legislature, void. 21 H. 56. See also 20 H. 411.



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