[§231-84] Right to inspection of books, records, and premises; warrants and writs; levy and seizure. (a) Upon presenting credentials, the special enforcement section may examine any books, papers, records, and any article or item of business transacted of any person engaged in business in this State to verify the accuracy of the reporting and payment of the taxes imposed by law. Every person in possession of any books, papers, records, or articles or items of business transacted, and the person's agents and employees, shall provide the special enforcement section the means, facilities, and opportunities for the examinations upon request, to the extent reasonably possible under the circumstances.
(b) The special enforcement section may inspect the operations, premises, and storage areas of any person engaged in business in this State during regular business hours.
(c) The special enforcement section may inspect the operations, premises, and storage areas of any person engaged in business in this State at any time, without notice, upon the issuance of a warrant or writ of entry based upon probable cause of a violation under title 14. The determination of probable cause for purposes of this section shall be made based upon the standard of probable cause for an administrative or civil search or seizure. Application for a search warrant or writ of entry under this section shall be made by making a declaration, under oath, which includes the following:
(1) The taxpayer's form of business;
(2) The taxpayer's interest in and address of the premises sought to be searched;
(3) Whether permission to search the premises has been requested in advance of requesting the warrant or writ;
(4) The particular books, records, items, articles, assets, or contraband reasonably believed to be on the premises; and
(5) The alleged violation reasonably believed to have occurred, including nonpayment of taxes; and, if searching or seizing in furtherance of collection, identification of the assets reasonably believed to be on the premises.
The special enforcement section may apply to the circuit court where the person is located for issuance of such warrant or writ. The special enforcement section may execute warrants or writs of entry. Any police officer, criminal investigator, or deputy sheriff of this State or any county shall be required to render assistance and aid to the special enforcement section in executing warrants and writs, upon request. Criminal law enforcement agencies that assist the special enforcement section may be compensated, as determined by the director; provided that no person or agency shall be compensated on the basis of a specific percentage or fraction of the money collected from taxpayers.
(d) The special enforcement section's ability to inspect shall include inspection of all statements, books, papers, and records in whatever format, including electronic format, articles or items of business transacted, including inventory, supplies, stock, and cash on hand, pertaining to the sales or other business activities of any person to verify the accuracy of the reporting and payment of taxes imposed by law.
(e) The special enforcement section may seize and levy any assets in the custody or control of any person pursuant to this chapter, and subject to all rights of appeal set forth herein. [L 2009, c 134, pt of §2, §13(3); am L 2013, c 58, §1]