Part I.  Administrative Structure


   174C-1 Short title

   174C-2 Declaration of policy

   174C-3 Definitions

   174C-4 Scope

   174C-5 General powers and duties

 174C-5.5 Water resource management fund

   174C-6 Deputy to the chairperson of the commission on water

          resource management

   174C-7 Commission on water resource management

   174C-8 Adoption of rules concerning water resources by the


   174C-9 Proceedings before the commission concerning water


  174C-10 Dispute resolution

  174C-11 Hearings officers

  174C-12 Judicial review of rules and orders of the

          commission concerning the water code

174C-12.5 Contested cases; appeals

  174C-13 Citizen complaints

  174C-14 Acquisition of real property

  174C-15 Penalties and common law remedies

174C-15.5 Administrative violation system

  174C-16 Severability


        Part II.  Reports of Water Use

  174C-26 Filing of declaration

  174C-27 Issuance of certificate


        Part III.  Hawaii Water Plan

  174C-31 Hawaii water plan

  174C-32 Coordination


        Part IV.  Regulation of Water Use

  174C-41 Designation of water management area

  174C-42 Notice; public hearing required

  174C-43 Investigations required

  174C-44 Ground water criteria for designation

  174C-45 Surface water criteria for designation

  174C-46 Findings of fact; decision of commission

  174C-47 Modifying and rescinding designated areas

  174C-48 Permits required

  174C-49 Conditions for a permit

  174C-50 Existing uses

  174C-51 Application for a permit

174C-51.5 Dual line water supply systems; installation

          in new industrial and commercial developments

          located in designated water management areas

  174C-52 Notice

  174C-53 Permit issuance

  174C-54 Competing applications

  174C-55 Duration of permits

  174C-56 Review of permits

  174C-57 Modification of permit terms

  174C-58 Revocation of permits

  174C-59 Transfer of permit

  174C-60 Contested cases

  174C-61 Fees

  174C-62 Declaration of water shortage

  174C-63 Appurtenant rights


        Part V.  Water Quality

  174C-66 Jurisdiction over water quality

  174C-67 Exchange of information

  174C-68 Water quality plan


        Part VI.  Instream Uses of Water

  174C-71 Protection of instream uses


        Part VII.  Wells

  174C-81 Definitions

  174C-82 Powers and duties of the commission

  174C-83 Registration of all existing wells

  174C-84 Permits for well construction and pump installation

  174C-85 Well completion report

  174C-86 Well construction and pump installation standards

  174C-87 Abandonment of wells


        Part VIII.  Stream Diversion Works

  174C-91 Definition

  174C-92 Registration of existing stream diversion works

  174C-93 Permits for construction or alteration

  174C-94 Completion report

  174C-95 Abandonment


        Part IX.  Native Hawaiian Water Rights

 174C-101 Native Hawaiian water rights




  The acquisition of the Waiahole water system shall not be construed to affect the powers and authority of the commission on water resource management or its powers to modify any water allocations.  L 1998, c 111, §15.

  Department of transportation's bridge rehabilitation and replacement program; temporary exemption from certain construction requirements of this chapter through June 30, 2022 or until completion.  L 2012, c 218; L 2017, c 48.

  Judiciary report to 2019 legislature on change in judicial proceedings made by L 2016, c 48.  L 2016, c 48, §12.

  Standardized water audits of public water systems; reports.  L 2016, c 169.

  Two-year water security advisory group pilot program to enable public-private partnerships that increase water security; annual report to governor and 2017-2018 legislature (repealed June 30, 2018).  L 2016, c 172.


Cross References


  Environmental courts, jurisdiction over proceedings arising under this chapter, see §604A-2.

  Irrigation and water utilization projects, see chapter 168.

  Irrigation water development, see chapter 167.


Law Journals and Reviews


  Testing the Current:  The Water Code and the Regulation of Hawaii's Water Resources.  10 UH L. Rev. 205.

  Private Hopes and Public Values in the "Reasonable Beneficial Use" of Hawai‘i's Water:  Is Balance Possible?  18 UH L. Rev. 1.

  Cultures In Conflict In Hawai‘i:  The Law and Politics of Native Hawaiian Water Rights.  18 UH L. Rev. 71.

  Proceedings of the 2001 Symposium on Managing Hawai‘i's Public Trust Doctrine.  24 UH L. Rev. 21.

  Water Regulation, Land Use and the Environment.  30 UH L. Rev. 49.

  Where Justice Flows Like Water:  The Moon Court's Role in Illuminating Hawai‘i Water Law.  33 UH L. Rev. 537 (2011).


Case Notes


  Although the public trust doctrine and the state water code share similar core principles, the code does not supplant the protections of the public trust doctrine.  94 H. 97, 9 P.3d 409.

  Despite evidence that permit applicant violated chapter 340E, neither the water code nor the public trust precluded the commission on water resource management from allocating water to applicant to supply water to domestic end users from a delivery system that may not comply with chapter 340E; as this jurisdiction separately regulates water allocation and drinking water standards, and there was no discernable legislative intent to make water use permit applications subject to compliance with chapter 340E, violations of chapter 340E were not germane to a review of the propriety of water allocation under the water code and the public trust.  116 H. 481, 174 P.3d 320.


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