§26-34  Selection and terms of members of boards and commissions.  (a)  The members of each board and commission established by law shall be nominated and, by and with the advice and consent of the senate, appointed by the governor.  Unless otherwise provided by this chapter or by law hereafter enacted, the terms of the members shall be for four years; provided that the governor may reduce the terms of those initially appointed so as to provide, as nearly as can be, for the expiration of an equal number of terms at intervals of one year for each board and commission.  Unless otherwise provided by law, each term shall commence on July 1 and expire on June 30, except that the terms of the chairpersons of the board of agriculture, the board of land and natural resources, and the Hawaiian homes commission shall commence on January 1 and expire on December 31.  No person shall be appointed consecutively to more than two terms as a member of the same board or commission; provided that membership on any board or commission shall not exceed eight consecutive years.

     (b)  Any member of a board or commission whose term has expired and who is not disqualified for membership under subsection (a) may continue in office as a holdover member until a successor is nominated and appointed; provided that a holdover member shall not hold office beyond the end of the second regular legislative session following the expiration of the member's term of office.

     (c)  A vacancy occurring in the membership of any board or commission during a term shall be filled for the unexpired term thereof, subject to Article V, section 6 of the Constitution of the State.

     (d)  The governor may remove or suspend for cause any member of any board or commission after due notice and public hearing.

     (e)  Except as otherwise provided by this chapter, this section shall apply to every board and commission established by part I, or existing or established after November 25, 1959.  All new appointments to any board or commission shall thereafter be made in accordance with this section.

     (f)  This section shall not apply to ex officio members of boards and commissions or to the board of trustees of the employees retirement system. [L Sp 1959 2d, c 1, §5; Supp, §14A-3; HRS §26-34; am L 1971, c 143, §3; am L 1984, c 54, §1 and c 72, §1; am L 1985, c 153, §1]


Attorney General Opinions


  The board of election inspectors are within the purview of this section and any vacancy occurring must be filled as prescribed by the state constitution.  Att. Gen. Op. 67-16.

  Members whose terms are subject to this section hold over upon expiration of their terms of office as de facto officers; but members authorized to hold over until successors are appointed and qualified, as in §304-3, hold over as de jure officers.  Att. Gen. Op. 73-7.

  While the title or status of de facto officers may not be collaterally attacked, the de facto status is no defense in a quo warranto proceeding.  Att. Gen. Op. 73-7.

  A board member who has served a partial term followed by a complete term may continue to serve until he has served eight consecutive years.  Att. Gen. Op. 74-4.

  There is no statutory provision which sets forth the length of time the governor has to make a nomination.  Att. Gen. Op. 80-4.

  In the absence of other statutory wording to the contrary, the holdover provision from subsection (b) would apply to board and commission statutes that refer to this section; the provision is constitutional.  Att. Gen. Op. 16-3.

  The word "appointed" in subsection (b) does not purport to prevent the governor from exercising the governor's authority to make interim appointments; there is no conflict between subsection (b) and article V, §6 of the state constitution.  Therefore, subsection (b) is constitutional.  Att. Gen. Op. 16-3.


Case Notes


  Issue of legality of board members holding office after expiration of eight years held moot and was not decided.  59 H. 244, 580 P.2d 405.

  A member of the land use commission did not qualify as a de facto officer, where, among other things, the senate rejected the member's nomination for a second term, which effectively served as public notice that the member was ineligible to serve as a holdover member.  132 H. 184, 320 P.3d 849 (2013).

  The intermediate court of appeals erred in determining that a member of the land use commission continued to serve as a valid holdover after the senate's rejection of the member's nomination for a second term; the member's actions with respect to a petition to reclassify land were invalid.  132 H. 184, 320 P.3d 849 (2013).

  Cited:  125 F. Supp. 3d 1051 (2015).



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