Section 14.  Titles and subtitles shall not be used for purposes of construing this constitution. [Ren Const Con 1968 and election Nov 5, 1968; ren and am Const Con 1978 and election Nov 7, 1978]




  A proposal of the 1978 Constitutional Convention deleted a second paragraph which read:  "Whenever any personal pronoun appears in this constitution, it shall be construed to mean either sex."  This deletion appears to be one of the unspecified changes submitted for ratification under Question 34.  On whether any of the changes submitted under Question 34 was in fact approved by the electorate, see Kahalekai v. Doi, 60 H. 324, 590 P.2d 543, excerpted in the note preceding the Preamble to the Constitution.


Case Notes


  Words of constitution presumed to be used in their natural sense.  44 H. 159, 352 P.2d 861.

  Clear and unambiguous provisions are construed as they are written.  51 H. 1, 449 P.2d 130.


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