Section 4.  The State shall promote the study of Hawaiian culture, history and language.

     The State shall provide for a Hawaiian education program consisting of language, culture and history in the public schools.  The use of community expertise shall be encouraged as a suitable and essential means in furtherance of the Hawaiian education program. [Add Const Con 1978 and election Nov 7, 1978]


Law Journals and Reviews


  Translation v. Tradition:  Fighting for Equal Standardized Testing ma ka ‘Ōlelo Hawai‘i.  36 UH L. Rev. 487 (2014).

  "Language Is Never About Language":  Eliminating Language Bias in Federal Education Law to Further Indigenous Rights.  37 UH L. Rev. 381 (2015).



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