Repeals language that defines or refers to marriage as being limited to a relationship between a man and a woman and instead specifies that the relationship is one between two persons.
HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES
TWENTY-FIFTH LEGISLATURE, 2009
STATE OF HAWAII
A BILL FOR AN ACT
RELATING TO MARRIAGE.
BE IT ENACTED BY THE LEGISLATURE OF THE STATE OF HAWAII:
SECTION 1. Section 572-1, Hawaii Revised Statutes, is amended to read as follows:
Requisites of valid marriage contract. In order to make valid the marriage
contract, which shall be only between [
a man and a woman,] two
persons, it shall be necessary that:
(1) The respective parties do not stand in relation to each other of ancestor and descendant of any degree whatsoever, brother and sister of the half as well as to the whole blood, uncle and niece, aunt and nephew, whether the relationship is the result of the issue of parents married or not married to each other;
(2) Each of the parties at the time of contracting the marriage is at least sixteen years of age; provided that with the written approval of the family court of the circuit within which the minor resides, it shall be lawful for a person under the age of sixteen years, but in no event under the age of fifteen years, to marry, subject to section 572-2;
The man] Either
one person does not at the time have any lawful [ wife] spouse
living [ and that the woman does not at the time have any lawful husband
(4) Consent of neither party to the marriage has been obtained by force, duress, or fraud;
(5) Neither of the parties is a person afflicted with any loathsome disease concealed from, and unknown to, the other party;
(6) The [
woman] two persons to be married in the State shall have duly
obtained a license for that purpose from the agent appointed to grant marriage
(7) The marriage
ceremony be performed in the State by a person or society with a valid license
to solemnize marriages and the [
man and the woman] two persons to
be married and the person performing the marriage ceremony be all physically
present at the same place and time for the marriage ceremony."
SECTION 2. Section 572-3, Hawaii Revised Statutes, is amended to read as follows:
"§572-3 Contracted without the State.
Marriages between [
a man and a woman] two persons legal in the
country where contracted shall be held legal in the courts of this State."
SECTION 3. Section 572-13, Hawaii Revised Statutes, is amended by amending subsection (a) to read as follows:
"(a) Recordkeeping. Every person
authorized to solemnize marriage shall make and preserve a record of every
marriage by the person solemnized, comprising the names of the [
woman] two persons married, their place of residence, and the date
of their marriage.
Every person authorized to solemnize marriage, who neglects to keep a record of any marriage by the person solemnized shall be fined $50."
SECTION 4. Section 651-91, Hawaii Revised Statutes, is amended by amending the definition of "head of a family" to read as follows:
"(1) "Head of a family" includes within its meaning:
A man and woman] Two persons
when married, except as provided in section 651-93[ .];
(B) Every individual who is residing on the real property and who has under his or her care or maintenance, either:
(i) His or her minor child, or minor grandchild, or the minor child of his or her deceased wife or husband;
(ii) A minor brother or sister, or the minor child of a deceased brother or sister;
(iii) A father, mother, grandfather, or grandmother;
(iv) The father, mother, grandfather, or grandmother of a deceased husband or wife; or
(v) An unmarried brother, sister, or any other
of the relatives mentioned in this subparagraph, who have attained the age of
(C) Head of household as defined in section 2(b) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1954, as amended."
SECTION 5. Section 707-700, Hawaii Revised Statutes, is amended by amending the definition of "married" to read as follows:
""Married" includes persons
legally married, and [
a male and female] two persons living
together as husband and wife regardless of their legal status, but does not
include spouses living apart."
SECTION 6. Section 572C-2, Hawaii Revised Statutes, is repealed.
[§572C-2] Findings. The
legislature finds that the people of Hawaii choose to preserve the tradition of
marriage as a unique social institution based upon the committed union of one
man and one woman. The legislature further finds that because of its unique
status, marriage provides access to a multiplicity of rights and benefits
throughout our laws that are contingent upon that status. As such, marriage
should be subject to restrictions such as prohibiting respective parties to a
valid marriage contract from standing in relation to each other, i.e., brother
and sister of the half as well as to the whole blood, uncle and niece, aunt and
nephew. However, the legislature concurrently
acknowledges that there are many individuals who have significant personal,
emotional, and economic relationships with another individual yet are
prohibited by such legal restrictions from marrying. For example, two
individuals who are related to one another, such as a widowed mother and her
unmarried son, or two individuals who are of the same gender. Therefore, the
legislature believes that certain rights and benefits presently available only
to married couples should be made available to couples comprised of two
individuals who are legally prohibited from marrying one another."]
SECTION 7. The legislative reference bureau shall review gender-specific terms used in relation to the contract of marriage that exist in the Hawaii Revised Statutes, including but not limited to terms such as "husband", "wife", "widow", and "widower", and shall prepare proposed legislation that substitutes gender-neutral terms for the gender-specific terms identified, as appropriate, in keeping with the purposes of this Act.
The legislative reference bureau shall submit the proposed legislation to the legislature not later than twenty days prior to the convening of the 2010 regular session.
SECTION 8. This Act does not affect rights and duties that matured, penalties that were incurred, and proceedings that were begun, before its effective date.
SECTION 9. Statutory material to be repealed is bracketed and stricken. New statutory material is underscored.
SECTION 10. This Act shall take effect upon its approval.