Medical Claim Compensation Panel
Amends provisions relating to the medical claim compensation panel by establishing a health court. Increases the number of panel members and amends the manner in which they are appointed.
HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES
TWENTY-FIFTH LEGISLATURE, 2009
STATE OF HAWAII
A BILL FOR AN ACT
RELATING TO THE MEDICAL CLAIM CONCILIATION PANEL.
BE IT ENACTED BY THE LEGISLATURE OF THE STATE OF HAWAII:
SECTION 1. Over the years, Hawaii's medical industry has experienced rising medical malpractice insurance rates, low reimbursement rates, and an alarming exodus of qualified doctors. According to recent reports released by the American Medical Association, Hawaii is one of many states either showing signs of a medical liability insurance crisis or that is already in a full-blown crisis.
"Health courts" have been described as a way to address their state's mounting medical malpractice insurance issues. Common Good, a nonprofit, nonpartisan legal reform coalition, has conducted polls, hosted forums, and engaged with leaders in health care, education, law, business, and public policy on this subject. With financial funding and support from the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation and the Harvard School of Public Health, Common Good proposed the establishment of health courts with expert decision makers as a way to improve patient safety and allow plaintiffs to quickly receive reasonable compensation. Health courts are gaining bipartisan support from medical, patient safety, and public policy groups.
If properly constructed, health courts may result in a fair and fast resolution of medical liability claims, verdicts based on fact rather than emotion, and a reduction in the number of frivolous lawsuits.
The purpose of this Act, which shall be known as the Hawaii Health Court Act of 2009, is to revise part II of chapter 671 to establish a health court. This is one of eight proposals introduced in the twenty-fifth Hawaii state legislature designed to address the increasingly problematic medical environment in Hawaii. Collectively, these eight bills shall be known as the Hawaii doctor recruitment and retention action plan of 2009.
SECTION 2. Section 671-1, Hawaii Revised Statutes, is amended to read as follows:
"§671-1 Definitions. As used in this chapter:
"Claimant" means the primary party who brings charges against another party.
"Commissioner" means the state insurance commissioner.
"Department" means the department of commerce and consumer affairs.
"Director" means the director of commerce and consumer affairs.
"Expert witness" means an individual or organization that specializes in the legal, medical, or insurance industry.
(1)] "Health care provider"
means a physician or surgeon licensed under chapter 453, [ a physician and
surgeon licensed under chapter 460,] a podiatrist licensed under chapter
463E, a health care facility as defined in section 323D-2, and the employees of
any of them. Health care provider shall not mean any nursing institution or
nursing service conducted by and for those who rely upon treatment by spiritual
means through prayer alone, or employees of such institution or service.
(2)] "Medical tort" means
professional negligence, the rendering of professional service without informed
consent, or an error or omission in professional practice[ ,] by a health
care provider[ , which] that proximately causes death, injury, or
other damage to a patient.
"Panel" means the medical claims conciliation panel."
SECTION 3. Section 671-11, Hawaii Revised Statutes, is amended to read as follows:
"§671-11 Medical claim conciliation
panels; composition, selection, compensation. (a) [
There are established]
A medical claim conciliation [ panels which] panel is
established and shall review and render findings and advisory opinions on
the issues of liability and damages in medical tort claims against health care
A] The medical claim
conciliation panel shall [ be formed for] review and render findings
and advisory opinions on each claim filed pursuant to section 671-12 [ and
after each panel renders its decision or the claim is otherwise disposed of it
shall be disbanded. Each]. The medical claim conciliation panel
shall consist of [ one chairperson selected from among persons who are
familiar with and experienced in the personal injury claims settlement process,
one attorney licensed to practice in the courts of the State and experienced in
trial practice, and one physician or surgeon licensed to practice under chapter
453 or chapter 460. The chairperson shall be appointed by the director of the
department of commerce and consumer affairs from a list of eligible persons
approved by the chief justice of the supreme court of Hawaii. The attorney
shall be appointed by the chairperson from a list of not less than thirty-five
attorneys experienced in trial practice submitted annually by the supreme
court. The physician or surgeon shall be appointed by the chairperson and
shall be currently licensed and in good standing under chapter 453 or under
(1) Three health care providers licensed to practice under chapter 453. The governor, president of the senate, and speaker of the house of representatives shall each appoint one health care provider from a list submitted by the Hawaii Medical Association;
(2) Three attorneys licensed to practice in the courts of the State and experienced in trial practice. The governor, president of the senate, and speaker of the house of representatives shall each appoint one attorney from a list submitted by the Hawaii State Bar Association;
(3) Three individuals who are familiar with and experienced in the personal injury claims settlement process or who are representatives of the insurance industry. The governor, president of the senate, and speaker of the house of representatives shall each appoint one member from a list submitted by the Hawaii Insurers Council;
(4) Four members of the public. The majority leader of the senate, minority leader of the senate, majority leader of the house of representatives, and minority leader of the house of representatives shall each appoint one member of the member of the public;
(5) The state insurance commissioner or the commissioner's designee; and
(6) The director of commerce and consumer affairs or the director's designee, who shall serve as a non-voting, ex-officio member and chairperson of the panel.
(c) The chairperson shall preside at the
meetings of the panel. The chairperson, all panel members, and any consultant
called by the panel to appear before the panel shall be compensated at the rate
of $300 per claim, which will become payable when the decision of the
panel is submitted. [
At the discretion of the director, the chairperson,
panel members, and any consultant called by the panel to appear before the
panel, may be compensated at one-half the amount of compensation specified in
this section, if the claim is disposed of by any means prior to the hearing by
the panel.] The chairperson, all panel members, and any consultant called
by the panel to appear before the panel also shall be paid allowances for
travel and living expenses [ which] that may be incurred as a
result of the performance of their duties on or for the panel. These costs
shall be paid by the department of commerce and consumer affairs from the
filing fees paid by the parties.
(d) The claimant shall pay a filing fee of [
$500 to the department upon the filing of the claim, and the
failure to do so shall result in the claim being rejected for filing. Each
health care provider and other parties to the claim shall pay a filing fee of [ $450]
$500 to the department within twenty days of being served with the
claim. Each party to a claim shall be assessed a non-refundable processing fee
by the department in the amount of [ $50.] $100. The
non-refundable processing fee shall be retained from each party's filing fee[ ,]
and shall be used to defray the administrative costs of the medical claims
conciliation panel program.
(e) After the panel has made a final decision on a claim, or after a final disposition of the claim has been made without a hearing before the panel, the department shall return any moneys remaining, after all panel costs have been paid, to the respective parties on a pro rata basis.
(f) The office and meeting space, secretarial and clerical assistance, office equipment, and office supplies for the panel shall be furnished by the department. The chairperson may designate any alternative meeting place or site for the hearing.
The Hawaii medical board and board of
osteopathic examiners shall each prepare a list of physicians, surgeons, and
podiatrists, as the case may be, along with their respective specialties.
These physicians and surgeons shall be eligible to serve as consultants to the
panel in their respective fields.] Panel members may consult with other
legal, medical, and insurance specialists."
SECTION 4. Section 671-12, Hawaii Revised Statutes, is amended by amending subsection (a) to read as follows:
Effective July 1, 1976, any]
Any person or the person's representative claiming that a medical tort
has been committed shall submit a statement of the claim to the medical claim
conciliation panel before a suit based on the claim may be commenced in any
court of this State. Claims shall be submitted to the medical claim
conciliation panel in writing. The claimant shall set forth facts upon which
the claim is based and shall include the names of all parties against whom the
claim is or may be made who are then known to the claimant."
SECTION 5. Section 671-13, Hawaii Revised Statutes, is amended to read as follows:
"§671-13 Medical claim conciliation
panel hearing; fact-finding; evidence; voluntary settlement. (a)
Every claim of a medical tort shall be heard by the medical claim conciliation
panel within thirty days after the last date for filing a response. No persons
other than the panel, expert witnesses, and [
other persons deemed necessary and called upon by the panel, and the
persons listed in section 671-14 shall be present [ except with the
permission of the chairperson. The panel may, in its discretion, conduct an
inquiry of a party, witness, or consultant without the presence of any or all
The hearing shall be informal.] (b)
Chapters 91 and 92 shall [ not] apply[ .] to all panel hearings.
The panel [ may] shall require a stenographic record of all or
part of its proceedings for the use of the panel[ , but such] and the
record shall [ not] be made available to [ the] all
parties. The panel may receive any oral or documentary evidence. Questioning
of parties, expert witnesses, and [ consultants] any other
persons deemed necessary may be conducted by the panel, and the panel [ may],
in its discretion, may permit any party[ ,] or any counsel for a
party to question other parties, expert witnesses, or [ consultants.]
any other persons deemed necessary and called upon by the panel. The
panel may designate who, among the parties, shall have the burden of going
forward with the evidence with respect to such issues as it may consider, and
unless otherwise designated by the panel, when medical and hospital records
have been provided to the claimant for the claimant's proper review, such
burden shall initially rest with the claimant at the commencement of the
(c) The panel shall have the power to require by subpoena the appearance and testimony of witnesses and the production of documentary evidence. When such subpoena power is utilized, notice shall be given to all parties. The testimony of witnesses may be taken either orally before the panel or by deposition. In cases of refusal to obey a subpoena issued by the panel, the panel may invoke the aid of any circuit court in the State, which may issue an order requiring compliance with the subpoena. Failure to obey such order may be punished by the court as a contempt thereof. Any member of the panel, the director of the department, or any person designated by the director of the department may sign subpoenas. Any member of the panel may administer oaths and affirmations, examine witnesses, and receive evidence. Notwithstanding such powers, the panel shall attempt to secure the voluntary appearance, testimony, and cooperation of parties, witnesses, and consultants without coercion.
(d) At the hearing of the panel and in
arriving at its opinion the panel shall consider, but not be limited to,
statements or testimony of witnesses, hospital and medical records, nurses'
notes, x-rays, and other records kept in the usual course of the practice of
the health care provider [
without] with the necessity for [ other
identification or] authentication, and without the necessity for
identification, statement of fact, [ or] opinion on a subject
contained in a published treatise, periodical, book, or pamphlet, or statements
of experts without the necessity of the experts appearing at the hearing. The
panel [ may], upon the application of any party or upon its own
decision, may appoint, as a consultant, an impartial and
qualified physician, surgeon, physician and surgeon, or other professional
person or expert to testify before the panel or to conduct any necessary
professional or expert examination of the claimant or relevant evidentiary
matter and to report to or testify as a witness thereto. Such a consultant
shall not be compensated or reimbursed except for travel and living expenses to
be paid as provided in section 671-11. Except for the production of hospital
and medical records, nurses' notes, x-rays, and other records kept in the usual
course of the practice of the health care provider, discovery by the parties
shall not be allowed. Any expressions of sympathy to a patient, the
patient's relatives, or representatives for any unanticipated outcome,
including but not limited to any conduct, gesture, or any other expression of
apology, regret, mistake, or error made to the patient or the patient's
relatives or representatives shall not be considered as admissions of liability
and therefore shall be inadmissible in any proceeding.
During the hearing and at any time prior to the
rendition of [
an advisory] a decision pursuant to section 671-15,
the panel may encourage the parties to settle or otherwise dispose of the case
SECTION 6. Section 671-15, Hawaii Revised Statutes, is amended to read as follows:
"§671-15 Same, decisions. (a)
Within thirty days after the completion of a hearing, the medical claim
conciliation panel shall file a written [
advisory] decision with the
insurance commissioner who shall thereupon mail copies to all parties
concerned, their counsel, and the representative of each health care provider's
liability insurance carrier authorized to act for such carrier, [ and the
board of osteopathic examiners,] as appropriate. The insurance
commissioner also shall mail copies of the [ advisory] decision to the
department of commerce and consumer affairs, if the claim is against a
physician or surgeon licensed under chapter 453 [ or an osteopathic physician
and surgeon licensed under chapter 460] or a podiatrist licensed under
chapter 463E. The panel shall decide the issue of liability and shall state
its conclusions in substantially the following language: "We find the
health care provider was actionably negligent in his or her care and treatment
of the patient and we, therefore, find for the claimant"; or "We find
the health care provider was not actionably negligent in his or her care and
treatment of the patient and we, therefore, find for the health care
(b) After a finding of liability, the medical
claim conciliation panel shall decide the amount of damages, if any, [
that should be awarded in the case. The decision as to damages shall be
based upon the guidelines established by the panel and include in simple,
concise terms a division as to which portion of the damages recommended are
attributable to economic losses and which to noneconomic losses; provided the
panel may not recommend punitive damages.
(c) The decisions shall be signed by all members of the medical claim conciliation panel; provided that any member of the panel may file a written concurring or dissenting opinion.
(d) The [
advisory] decision required by
this section need not be filed if the claim is settled or otherwise disposed of
before the decision is written or filed."
SECTION 7. Section 671-16, Hawaii Revised Statutes, is amended to read as follows:
"§671-16 Subsequent litigation;
excluded evidence. (a) The claimant may institute litigation based
upon the claim in an appropriate court only after a party to a medical claim conciliation
panel hearing rejects the decision of the panel[
,] or after the
twelve-month period under section 671-18 has expired.
No statement] (b) Statements
made in the course of the hearing of the medical claim conciliation panel shall
be admissible in evidence either as an admission, to impeach the credibility of
a witness, or for any other purpose in any trial of the action; provided that
such statements may be admissible for the purpose of section 671-19, hereof. [ No
decision, conclusion, finding, or recommendation] Decisions,
conclusions, findings, or recommendations of the medical claim conciliation
panel on the issue of liability or on the issue of damages [ shall] may
be admitted into evidence in any subsequent trial, [ nor shall] and
any party to the medical claim conciliation panel hearing, or the counsel or
other representative of such party, may refer or comment thereon in an
opening statement, an argument, or at any other time[ ,] to the court or
jury; provided that such decision, conclusion, finding, or recommendation may
be admissible for the purpose of section 671-19, hereof.
(c) Statements not introduced during the hearings of the medical claim conciliation panel shall not be admissible in evidence either as an admission, to impeach the credibility of a witness, or for any other purpose in any trial of the action."
SECTION 8. Section 671-19, Hawaii Revised Statutes, is amended to read as follows:
"§671-19 Duty to cooperate; assessment
of costs and fees. [
It shall be the duty of every] Every
person who files a claim with the medical claim conciliation panel, every
health care provider against whom the claim is made, and every insurance
carrier or other person providing medical tort liability insurance for the
health care provider[ , to] shall cooperate with the medical claim
conciliation panel for the purpose of achieving a prompt, fair, and just
disposition or settlement of the claim, provided that cooperation shall not
prejudice the substantive rights of those persons.
Any party may apply to the panel to have the
costs of the action assessed against any party for failure to cooperate with
the panel. The panel may award costs, or a portion thereof, including
attorney's fees, witness fees[
,] including those of expert witnesses,
filing fees, and costs of the medical claim conciliation panel hearing to the
party applying therefor.
In determining whether any person has failed to cooperate in good faith, the panel shall consider, but is not limited to, the following:
(1) The attendance of the persons at the hearing of the medical claim conciliation panel;
(2) The extent to which representatives of parties and counsel representing parties came to panel hearings with knowledge of the claims and defenses and authority to negotiate a settlement or other disposition of the claim;
(3) The testimony of members of the panel as to the facts of the person's participation in the panel hearing;
(4) The extent of the person's cooperation in providing the panel with documents and testimony called for by the panel;
(5) The reasons advanced by the person so charged for not fully cooperating or negotiating; and
(6) The failure of the person to submit any required fees to the department of commerce and consumer affairs, as required by this chapter.
The party against whom costs are awarded may
appeal the award to the circuit court. The court may affirm or remand the case
with instructions for further proceedings[
;] or it may reverse or modify
the award if the substantial rights of the petitioners may have been prejudiced
because the award is characterized as abuse of discretion."
SECTION 9. Section 671-20, Hawaii Revised Statutes, is amended to read as follows:
Annual report. The director of commerce and consumer affairs shall prepare
and submit to the legislature annually, twenty days prior to the convening of
each regular session, a report containing [ the director's evaluation of the
operation and effects of this chapter. The report shall include] a summary
of the claims brought before the medical claim conciliation panel and the
disposition of such claims, a description and summary of the work of the panel
under this chapter, an appraisal of the effectiveness of this chapter in
securing prompt and fair disposition of medical tort claims, a review of the
number and outcomes of claims brought under section 671-12 and recommendations
for changes, modifications, or repeal of this chapter or parts thereof
with accompanying reasons and data."
SECTION 10. Statutory material to be repealed is bracketed and stricken. New statutory material is underscored.
SECTION 11. This Act shall take effect on July 1, 2009; provided that section 7 shall take effect on July 1, 2010.